aEurosWorld imports of information and communication technology (ICT) goods stood at almost
This puts ICT goods such as mobile phones, smartphones, laptops, tablets, integrated circuits and other components at 11 per cent of world merchandise trade and among the top products traded globally - exceeding trade in agricultural products (9.2 per cent) and motor vehicles (7.2 per cent) according to
The latest figures also show that developing countries continued to receive more than half of total ICT goods imports at 54 per cent. Between 2010 and 2012, most of the growth in ICT goods trade was spurred by rising demand for communication equipment, particularly in developing economies (table 1).
Telephones for cellular networks remained the second most traded ICT item worldwide after integrated circuits, with a global value of
In developed economies meanwhile, communication equipment was the only ICT category with positive growth, at 7 per cent between 2010 and 2012. During the same period, computer and peripheral equipment imports grew significantly in developing and transition economies, at 4 per cent and 11 per cent respectively, but stagnated in developed economies (table 1).
In 2012, global imports of notebooks, tablet PCs and other portable data processing devices were valued at
The latest UNCTAD figures, which add 2012 numbers to a dataset that has been compiled since 2000, identify developing economies as a significant part of ICT value chains (chart 1).
The data show that
Asian developing economies represented the leading production hub of ICT goods, accounting for two thirds of world exports. Economies in East and
Apart from these, all other developing and transition economies represented a very modest share of global ICT goods trade, with 4 per cent of total exports and about 8.5 per cent of total imports. As net importers, these economies benefited from price reductions and the rapid pace of technical improvements in ICT goods.
Between 2010 and 2012, computer and peripheral equipment imports caught up in value terms with communications equipment imports in all developing regions except
ICT goods from
Notable exceptions include
Box 1. Online UNCTAD data on the information economy
In the context of the Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development, UNCTAD's Division on Technology and Logistics publishes data for the core indicators related to the information economy (see http://new.unctad.org/default____600.aspx). Two of these concern trade in ICT goods:
ICT3: ICT goods imports as a percentage of total imports
ICT4: ICT goods exports as a percentage of total exports A complete dataset for 2000-2012 on trade in ICT goods can be accessed free of charge at http://stats.unctad.org/ict3ict4. This reflects the OECD definition of ICT goods and is based on the United Nations COMTRADE database. Data for 123 economies are available, including by trading partner and by type of good traded.
For more information, please contact Emeasurement@unctad.org.
Graph omitted. Click here to view: http://unctad.org/en/pages/PressRelease.aspx?OriginalVersionID=169
TNS 30FurigayJane-140215-4639384 30FurigayJane
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