By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Insurance Weekly News -- Investigators discuss new findings in Risk Management. According to news reporting out of Delft, Netherlands, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "Scientific literature lacks a model which combines exposure to risk, risk, and the relationship between them. This paper presents a conceptual road safety framework comprising mutually interacting factors for exposure to risk resulting from travel behaviour (volumes, modal split, and distribution of traffic over time and space) and for risk (crash and injury risk)."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Delft University of Technology, "The framework's three determinants for travel behaviour are locations of activities; resistances (generalized transport costs); needs, opportunities, and abilities. Crash and injury risks are modelled by the three 'safety pillars': infrastructure, road users and the vehicles they use. Creating a link in the framework between risk and exposure is important because of the 'non-linear relationship' between them, i.e. risk tends to decrease as exposure increases. Furthermore, 'perceived' risk (a type of travel resistance) plays a role in mode choice, i.e. the perception that a certain type of vehicle is unsafe can be a deterrent to its use. This paper uses theories to explain how the elements in the model interact. Cycling is an area where governments typically have goals for both mobility and safety. To exemplify application of the model, the paper uses the framework to link research on cycling (safety) to land use and infrastructure. The model's value lies in its ability to identify potential consequences of measures and policies for both exposure and risk."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This is important from a scientific perspective and for policy makers who often have objectives for both mobility and safety."
For more information on this research see: A conceptual framework for road safety and mobility applied to cycling safety. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;62():331-340. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Accident Analysis and Prevention - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/336)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting P. Schepers, Delft University of Technology, Transport & Logist Grp, NL-2600 AA Delft, Netherlands. Additional authors for this research include M. Hagenzieker, R. Methorst, B. van Wee and F. Wegman.
Keywords for this news article include: Delft, Europe, Netherlands, Risk Management
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