The assignee for this patent, patent number 8642068, is
Reporters obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "All references cited in this specification, and their references, are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety where appropriate for teachings of additional or alternative details, features, and/or technical background.
"The invention relates in embodiments disclosed herein to a novel medical device with a coating. Such device may be configured for implantation into vessels or luminal structures within the body. More particularly, the present invention in embodiments relates to stents and synthetic grafts which are coated with a controlled-release matrix comprising a medicinal substance for direct delivery to the surrounding tissues, and a ligand attached thereto for capturing progenitor endothelial cells that may be found in the bodily fluids contacting the matrix (e.g., blood-contacting surface). The captured cells may result in the formation of mature endothelium at site of injury. In particular, a polymer matrix/drug/ligand-coated stent may be used, for example, in therapy of diseases such as restenosis, artherosclerosis, and endoluminal reconstructive therapies.
"A medical device of embodiments of the present invention may comprise a polymer composition comprising a base material formed from, or including, a bioabsorbable polymer, copolymer, or terpolymer. The base material may further comprise a copolymer or terpolymer additive. One advantageous base material allows for a 'soft' breakdown mechanism allowing for the breakdown of the component polymers to be less injurious to the surrounding tissue.
"A persistent problem associated with the use of metallic devices such as stents in treating cardiovascular disease is the formation of scar tissue coating of the stent at the site of implantation the so-called process of restenosis. Moreover, metallic or polymeric non-absorbable stents may prevent vascular lumen remodeling and expansion. Numerous approaches have been tried to prevent scar tissue, and reduce complement activation of the immune response, which may be attendant to such implanted devices. Furthermore, an advantageous implant with a reduced inflammatory response and lower potential for trauma upon break-up of an implant and/or its component materials may be desired. A desirable improvement target may be found in the need for increased flexibility of shane and structure of medical devices for implantation, particularly into blood vessels.
"Reference is made to U.S. Pat. No. 6,607,548 B2 (Inion), issued
"It may be argued that bioabsorbable medical devices (such as stents) may be more suitable in the treatment of vascular disease than non-bioabsorbable medical devices. For example, it is known that non-biodegrable metallic stents can induce thrombosis by irritation of the blood vessel after since they are permanently embedded in the blood vessel. Further, their mechanical properties may deteriorate impairing blood vessel properties.
"Coated medical devices are available commercially and approved by the
"The present inventors have recognized that it may be advantageous to develop a compatible polymer blends for medical devices, such as stents and vascular synthetic grafts, which provide a toughening mechanism to the base polymer when deployed into the body. In one embodiment, the base polymer composition may be used to impart additional molecular free volume to the base polymer to affect molecular motion sufficiently to allow for re-crystallization to occur at physiological conditions, for example, upon the addition of molecular strain in deployment. They have further recognized that increased molecular free volume can also increase the rate of water uptake adding both a plasticizing effect as well as increasing the bulk degradation kinetics. The composition may be formulated to allow for a 'soft' breakdown mechanism such that the breakdown proceeds while being friendly to the surrounding tissue (less inflammatory response, and rendering lower potential for trauma upon break up of an implant). By selecting a polymer or copolymer for either the base or the additive or both, an enhanced hydrophilic property of the polymer blend may reduce complement activation and minimize or prevent opsonization. (see Dong and Feng, J of
In addition to obtaining background information on this patent, NewsRx editors also obtained the inventor's summary information for this patent: "Disclosed in embodiments herein are biodegradable, bioabsorbable medical devices with a coating for the treatment or amelioration of various diseases, including vascular disease, and conditions in particular, artherosclerosis and/or restenosis.
"In one embodiment, the medical device comprises a device for implantation into a patient for the treatment of disease. The medical device comprises a bioabsorbable, biodegradable material, which may be a polymer of synthetic or natural origin, which has the ability to undergo deformation when employed in vivo, for example, from a solid or rigid state during manufacture to a flexible and pliable material after implantation in vivo, yet in its pliable form is capable of maintaining the desired blood vessel diameter upon deployment in situ.
"In one embodiment, the medical device comprises a polymer composition and/or formulation, comprising: a polymer such as a poly(L-lactide), or a poly(D-lactide) as the base polymer, or copolymers thereof and wherein modifying copolymers including, poly L(or D)-lactide-co-
"In another embodiment, the medical device may comprise a polymer composition wherein the properties of the polymer composition can be engineered to produce a desired degradation time of the base polymer so that the degradation time can be predicted after implantation of the device. For example, the medical device can comprise base polymers having enhanced degradation kinetics. In this manner, the degradation time of the base polymer can be shortened. For example, the starting material used as base polymer can be a lower molecular weight composition and/or a base polymer that is more hydrophilic or liable to hydrolytic chain scission.
"In another embodiment, medical device can comprise a polymer composition which comprises a base copolymer wherein one polymer moiety is sufficiently long enough and not sterically hindered to crystallize, such as L-lactide or D-lactide with a lesser or shorter polymer moiety, for example Glycolide or Polyethylene Glycol (PEG), or monomethoxy-terminated PEG (PEG-MNE).
"In another embodiment, compositions in addition to the base polymer, the modifying polymer or co-polymer may also have enhanced degradation kinetics such as with an e-caprolactone copolymer moiety wherein the caprolactone remains amorphous with resulting segments more susceptible to hydrolysis.
"In another embodiment, the composition can incorporate PEG copolymers, for example either AB diblock or ABA triblock with the PEG moiety being approximately 1%. In this embodiment, the mechanical properties of the Lactide (see Enderlie and Buchholz SFB
"In one embodiment, the polymer compositions are used to manufacture medical device for implantation into a patient. The medical devices which may have biodegradable, bioabsorbable properties as discussed above, may include, but are not limited to stents, stent grafts, vascular synthetic grafts, catheters, vascular shunts, valves and the like.
"The coating on the medical device of embodiments of the present invention can comprise a bioabsorbable, biodegradable matrix comprising a synthetic or naturally occurring polymer, or non-polymer material, which can be applied to the medical device, and can comprise similar base polymers as the medical device. The coating on the medical device can further comprise a biological and/or pharmaceutical substance, for example, drugs for delivery to the adjacent tissues where device is implanted into the body. The coating may also include a radiopaque material to allow for easier identification of the medical device when placed in the body. Such drug or pharmaceutical substances or radioopaque materials may be bound to the matrix, for example, by reaction of such materials and substances with end groups of a polymer comprising the matrix, other chemical linkage (such as through linkers associated with the polymer), by simple mixing (localized or dispersed) of the materials and substances into the matrix, and other methods known in the art. Such coating may be applied to the medical device itself, or may be applied to material or fabrication from which the medical device is made--for example applied to a tube structure from which a stent is cut (e.g. by laser cutting, photolasing, physical or air knife, etc.).
"In another embodiment, the invention is directed to a method of coating a medical device with the a bioabsorbable coating composition, comprising applying one or more layers of a matrix such as a biobsorbable polymer matrix to the medical device. Coatings at different portions of the medical device may be the same or different. For example in a stent, the coating located on the outer surface of the stent may be different than the coating on the inner section of the stent. Further, the number of layers of coating on the outer surface of the stent might be different from the number of layers of coating on the inside of the stent. For example, the inner surface of a stent may have coating that breaks down slower than the coating on the outside of the stent, or have additional materials, or layers, associated therewith, for example a ligand that captures cells, than the outer surface (which may for example have drug eluting layer). Alternatively, or additionally, the inner layer may have a different drug or biological ligand associated therewith than the outer layer. Of course, the inner and outer coatings may be similar or identical to one another in terms of pharmacological/biological effect.
"In one embodiment, an implantable medical device is provided, comprising a crystallizable polymer composition and a coating; said medical device comprising, a base polymer linked with a modifying copolymer in the form of block copolymer or blocky random copolymers, wherein the polymer chain length is sufficiently long enough to allow cross-moiety crystallization; and said coating comprising a bioabsorbable matrix and a ligand. In this embodiment, the ligand is configured to bind target cells in vivo. The ligand can be a small molecule, a peptide, an antibody, antibody fragments, or combinations thereof and the target cell is a progenitor endothelial cell antigen. In certain embodiments, the coating comprises one or more layers, and can comprise a matrix comprising naturally occurring or synthetic biodegradable polymer. In this embodiment, matrix can comprise at least one of the group consisting of: tropoelastin, elastin, laminin, fibronectin, basement membrane proteins, and cross-linked tropoelastin.
"In one embodiment, the implantable medical device comprises a coating wherein at least one coating layer, or the implantable medical device itself, comprises a radioopaque or radio-detectable material. The radio-opaque material can be for example, tantalum, iodine, and the like, which can be detected or imaged by X-ray techniques. In some embodiments, the implantable medical device can be impregnated with a pharmacological or biological substance. In this embodiment, the radio-opaque material can be blended with the pharmaceutical substance or a biological substance and the base polymers and or attached to the polymer structure during manufacturing.
"In alternate embodiments, the implantable medical device can comprise a tube defining a lumen, said tube having an outer surface and an inner surface, said inner surface surrounding said lumen, wherein the outer surface can be coated with a composition comprising a pharmacological substance. In some embodiments, the outer or inner surface can be coated with a composition comprising a biological substance. In one embodiment, the pharmacological substance is at least one of the group consisting of: cyclosporin A, mycophenolic acid, mycophenolate mofetil acid, rapamycin, rapamycin derivatives, biolimus A9, CCI-779, RAD 001, AP23573, azathioprene, pimecrolimus, tacrolimus (FK506), tranilast, dexamethasone, corticosteroid, everolimus, retinoic acid, vitamin E, rosglitazone, simvastatins, fluvastatin, estrogen, 17.beta.-estradiol, hydrocortisone, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, fluticasone, clobetasol, adalimumab, sulindac, dihydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, puerarin, platelet factor 4, basic fibroblast growth factor, fibronectin, butyric acid, butyric acid derivatives, paclitaxel, paclitaxel derivatives, LBM-642, deforolimus, and probucol.
"In embodiments comprising a biological substance, the biological substance is at least one of the group consisting of: antibiotics/antimicrobials, antiproliferative agents, antineoplastic agents, antioxidants, endothelial cell growth factors, smooth muscle cell growth and/or migration inhibitors, thrombin inhibitors, immunosuppressive agents, anti-platelet aggregation agents, collagen synthesis inhibitors, therapeutic antibodies, nitric oxide donors, antisense oligonucleotides, wound healing agents, therapeutic gene transfer constructs, peptides, proteins, extracellular matrix components, vasodialators, thrombolytics, anti-metabolites, growth factor agonists, antimitotics, steroids, steroidal antiinflammatory agents, chemokines, proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-alpha agonists proliferator-activated receptor-beta agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-alpha/beta agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-delta agonists, NF.kappa..beta., proliferator-activated receptor-alpha-gamma agonists, nonsterodial antiinflammatory agents, angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitors, free radical scavangers, inhibitors of the CX3CR1 receptor and anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents.
"In one embodiment, the implantable medical device can comprise a crystallizable bioabsorbable polymer composition comprises a base polymer of from about 70% by weight of poly (L-lactide) with 30% by weight of modifying copolymer poly L-lactice-co-TMC.
"In some embodiments, a bioabsorbable implant is provided comprising: a crystallizable composition comprising a base polymer of poly L-lactide or poly D-lactide linked with modifying copolymers comprising poly L(or D)-lactide-co-
"In embodiments herein, the bioabsorbable implant comprises a ligand which can be a small molecule, a peptide, an antibody, antibody fragments, or combinations thereof and the target cell is a progenitor endothelial cell. In this embodiment, the bioabsorbable an antibody or antibody fragments is specific for binding a progenitor endothelial cell membrane antigen. The antibodies can bind to progenitor endothelial cell membrane antigen and can be selected from the group consisting of CD34, CD45, CD133, CD14, CDw90, CD117, HLA-DR, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, CD146, CD130, CD131, stem cell antigen, stem cell factor 1, Tie-2, MCH-H-2Kk and MCH-HLA-DR.
"In another embodiment, a bioabsorbable implant is provided, having a tissue contacting surface and a fluid contacting surface, said implant comprising a bioabsorbable, biocompatible first coating for controlled release of one or more pharmaceutical substances from said tissue contacting surface, and a second coating comprising one or more ligands which bind to specific molecules on cell membranes of progenitor endothelial cells on the fluid contacting surface of the medical device. The bioabsorbable implant can be a stent, a vascular or other synthetic graft, or a stent in combination with a synthetic graft. In some embodiments, the tissue contacting surface coating comprises poly(DL-lactide-co-glycolide) and one or more pharmaceutical substances. In other embodiments the tissue contacting surface coating comprises poly(DL-lactide), or poly(lactide-co-glycolide), and paclitaxel.
"In one embodiment, the bioabsorbable implant comprises a pharmaceutical substance is at least one of the group consisting of antibiotics/antimicrobials, antiproliferative agents, antineoplastic agents, antioxidants, endothelial cell growth factors, smooth muscle cell growth and/or migration inhibitors, thrombin inhibitors, immunosuppressive agents, anti-platelet aggregation agents, collagen synthesis inhibitors, therapeutic antibodies, nitric oxide donors, antisense oligonucleotides, wound healing agents, therapeutic gene transfer constructs, peptides, proteins, extracellular matrix components, vasodialators, thrombolytics, anti-metabolites, growth factor agonists, antimitotics, steroids, steroidal antiinflammatory agents, chemokines, proliferator-activated receptor-gamma agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-alpha-gamma agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-alpha agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-beta agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-alpha/beta agonists, proliferator-activated receptor-delta agonists, NF.kappa..beta., nonsterodial antiinfammatory agents, angiotensin converting enzyme(ACE) inhibitors, free radical scavangers, inhibitors of the CX3CR1 receptor, and anti-cancer chemotherapeutic agents.
"In other embodiments, the bioabsorbable implant comprises a pharmaceutical substance selected from the group consisting of cyclosporin A, mycophenolic acid, mycophenolate mofetil acid, rapamycin, rapamycin derivatives, biolimus A9, CCI-779, RAD 001, AP23573, azathioprene, pimecrolimus, tacrolimus (FK506), tranilast, dexamethasone, corticosteroid, everolimus, retinoic acid, vitamin E, rosglitazone, simvastatins, fluvastatin, estrogen, 17.beta.-estradiol, hydrocortisone, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, fluticasone, clobetasol, adalimumab, sulindac, dihydroepiandrosterone, testosterone, puerarin, platelet factor 4, basic fibroblast growth factor, fibronectin, butyric acid, butyric acid derivatives, paclitaxel, paclitaxel derivatives, LBM-642, deforolimus, and probucol. In one embodiment, the coating composition can comprise poly(DL-lactide) polymer comprises from about 50 to about 99% of the composition.
"In one embodiment, the bioabsorbable implant comprising an outer coating and an inner coating, either or both coatings comprise multiple layers of the poly(DL-lactide) polymer, poly(lactide-co-glycolide) copolymer, or mixture thereof and either or both coatings comprise multiple layers of the pharmaceutical substances.
"The invention is also directed to methods of making the biodegradable polymer compositions and methods for making the medical devices from the polymer compositions disclosed herein."
For more information, see this patent: Cottone, Robert J.. Bioabsorbable Medical Device with Coating. U.S. Patent Number 8642068, filed
Keywords for this news article include: Antibacterial, Antibiotics, Antibodies, Antimicrobials, Antineoplastics, Pharmaceuticals, Drugs, FK506, Surgery, Taxoids, Oncology, Peptides, Probucol, Terpenes, Chemistry, Estradiol, Estrogens, Treatment, Cardiology, Clobetasol, Everolimus, Immunology, Paclitaxel, Restenosis, Tacrolimus, Amino Acids, Fluticasone.
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