By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Insurance Weekly News -- Investigators discuss new findings in Risk Management. According to news reporting originating in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "Driving under the influence of multiple substances is a public health concern, but there is little epidemiological data about their combined use and putative impact on driving in low and middle-income countries where traffic crashes have been clustering in recent years. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of alcohol and drug use - as well as their associated factors - among drivers in the context of alcohol outlets (AOs)."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research, "A probability three-stage sample survey was conducted in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Individuals who were leaving AO were screened, with the selection of 683 drivers who met the inclusion criteria. Drivers answered a structured interview, were breathalyzed, and had their saliva collected for drug screening. Prevalences were assessed using domain estimation and logistic regression models assessed covariates associated with substance use. Benzodiazepines 3.9% (SE 2.13) and cocaine 3.8% (SE 1.3) were the most frequently detected drugs in saliva. Among drivers who were going to drive, 11% had at least one drug identified by the saliva drug screening, 0.4% two, and 0.1% three drugs in addition to alcohol. In multivariable analyses, having a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) >0.06% was found to be associated with a 3.64 times (CI 95% 1.79-7.39) higher chance of drug detection, compared with interviewees with lower BACs."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "To drive under the influence of multiple substances is likely to be found in this setting, highlighting an association between harmful patterns of consume of alcohol and the misuse of other substances."
For more information on this research see: Drug use among drivers who drank on alcohol outlets from Porto Alegre, Brazil. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 2014;62():137-142. Accident Analysis and Prevention can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Accident Analysis and Prevention - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/336)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting R.B. De Boni, Brazilian Geog & Stat Inst, Natl Sch Stat, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. Additional authors for this research include F.I. Bastos, M. de Vasconcellos, F. Oliveira, R.P. Limberger and F. Pechansky.
Keywords for this news article include: Brazil, South America, Rio de Janeiro, Risk Management
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