By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- A new study on Science is now available. According to news reporting originating from Selangor, Malaysia, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "Oil palm empty fruit bunch fiber (OPEFB) is a lignocellulosic waste from palm oil mills. It contains mainly cellulose from which glucose can be derived to serve as raw materials for valuable chemicals such as succinic acid."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the University of Kebangsaan, "A three-level Box-Behnken design combined with the canonical and ridge analysis was employed to optimize the process parameters for glucose production from OPEFB cellulose using enzymatic hydrolysis. Organosolv pretreatment was used to extract cellulose from OPEFB using ethanol and water as the solvents. The extracted cellulose was characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, FTIR spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. Hydrolysis parameters including amount of enzyme, amount of cellulose, and reaction time were investigated. The experimental results were fitted with a second-order polynomial equation by a multiple regression analysis and found that more than 97% of the variations could be predicted by the models. Using the ridge analysis, the optimal conditions reaction time found for the production of glucose was 76 hours and 30 min, whereas the optimum amount of enzyme and cellulose was 0.5mL and 0.9 g, respectively."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Under these optimal conditions, the corresponding response value predicted for glucose concentration was 169.34 g/L, which was confirmed by validation experiments."
For more information on this research see: Application of Box-Behnken Design in Optimization of Glucose Production from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Cellulose. International Journal of Polymer Science, 2013;():1-8. International Journal of Polymer Science can be contacted at: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 410 Park Avenue, 15TH Floor, #287 Pmb, New York, NY 10022, USA. (Hindawi Publishing - www.hindawi.com; International Journal of Polymer Science - www.hindawi.com/journals/ijps/)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S.A. Pasma, Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Sch Chem Sci & Food Technol, Fac Sci & Technol, Bangi 43600, Selangor, Malaysia. Additional authors for this research include R. Daik, M.Y. Maskat and O. Hassan (see also Science).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Science, Selangor, Malaysia
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC