By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- New research on Sugar Alcohols is the subject of a report. According to news reporting from Washington, District of Columbia, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "The effect of Ag particle size on oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode was investigated in anion exchange membrane direct glycerol fuel cells (AEM-DGFC) with oxygen as an oxidant. At the anode, high purity glycerol (99.8 wt%) or crude glycerol (88 wt%, from soybean biodiesel) was used as fuel, and commercial Pt/C served as the anode catalyst."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from Naval Research Laboratory, "A solution phase-based nanocapsule synthesis method was successfully developed to prepare the non-precious Ag/C cathode catalyst, with LiBEt3H as a reducing agent. XRD and TEM characterizations show that as-synthesized Ag nanoparticles (NP) with a size of 2-9 nm are well dispersed on the Vulcan XC-72 carbon black support. Commercial Ag nanoparticles with a size of 20 -40 nm were also supported on carbon black as a control sample. The results show that higher peak power density was obtained in AEM-DGFC employing an Ag-NP catalyst with smaller particle size: nanocapsule made Ag-NP > commercial Ag-NP (Alfa Aesar, 99.9%). With the nanocapsule Ag-NP cathode catalyst, the peak power density and open circuit voltage (OCV) of AEM-DGFC with high-purity glycerol at 80 degrees C are 86 mW cm(-2) and 0.73 V, respectively. These are much higher than 45 mW cm(-2) and 0.68 V for the AEM-DGFC with the commercial Ag/C cathode catalyst, which can be attributed to the enhanced kinetics and reduced internal resistance."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Directly fed with crude glycerol, the AEM-DGFC with the nanocapsule Ag-NP cathode catalyst shows an encouraging peak power density of 66 mW cm(-2), which shows great potential of direct use of biodiesel waste fuel for electricity generation."
For more information on this research see: Carbon supported Ag nanoparticles with different particle size as cathode catalysts for anion exchange membrane direct glycerol fuel cells. Renewable Energy, 2014;62():556-562. Renewable Energy can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Renewable Energy - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/969)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Z.C. Wang, Naval Res Lab, Washington, DC 20375, United States. Additional authors for this research include L. Xin, X.S. Zhao, Y. Qiu, Z.Y. Zhang, O.A. Baturina and W.Z. Li.
Keywords for this news article include: Biotechnology, Energy, Glycerol, Biodiesel, Washington, Oil and Gas, Nanoparticle, United States, Bioengineering, Nanotechnology, Sugar Alcohols, District of Columbia, Emerging Technologies, North and Central America
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