By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Researchers detail new data in Ethanol. According to news reporting originating from Lahore, Pakistan, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "The formation of nanodimensional structures on the surface of Tin (Sn) has been explored as a function of the laser fluence and pulse duration. The targets were exposed by employing femtosecond pulses of a Ti: Sapphire laser (wavelength of 800 nm, pulse length of 25 fs and pulse repetition rate of 1 kHz) in ethanol."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the University of Engineering and Technology, "In order to investigate the effect of fluence, the targets were exposed to 1000 succeeding pulses for four various fluences ranging from 4.7 to 11.8 J cm(-2) with the pulse duration of 25 fs. To probe the effect of pulse duration, targets were exposed for various pulse durations ranging from 25 fs to 100 fs at a constant fluence of 11.8 J cm(-2) (i.e. maximum). Nano sized structures including globules, droplets, craters and grooves were observed by SEM analysis. The dependence of structure formation on the laser fluence and pulse duration has been explored both for central as well as peripheral ablated areas. For increasing fluences, the more energy deposition is responsible for the growth of distinct features. For increasing fluence, the size distribution of nanostructures reduces and their number density increases after fragmentation. As the pulse width increases, the size distribution of structures increases significantly due to enhanced thermal effects. The development of nanostructures has been correlated with structural analysis carried out by micro-Raman spectroscopy. The formation of various bands e. g. SnO, SnO2, C2H5 Sn, Sn-CO complexes after laser irradiation of Sn in a liquid-confined environment (ethanol) has been observed. For higher fluences more energy deposition takes place which enhances the chemical reactivity and is responsible for an appearance of additional and strong bands. However, with increasing pulse width more thermal effects are responsible for bond breaking and disappearance of those peaks which are identified for the shortest pulse duration. It is found first time that both the pulse duration as well as laser fluence are promising parameters to be explored for the modification of the Sn surface."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The optimum growth of smallest structures is possible only for the highest fluence and the shortest pulse duration within the utilized range of parameters where the maximum chemical reactivity takes place."
For more information on this research see: The formation of nanodimensional structures on the surface of Tin exposed to femtosecond laser pulses in the ambient environment of ethanol. Applied Surface Science, 2014;290():53-58. Applied Surface Science can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Bv, PO Box 211, 1000 Ae Amsterdam, Netherlands. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Applied Surface Science - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/505669)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S. Bashir, Univ Engn & Technol Lahore, Dept. of Phys, Lahore, Pakistan. Additional authors for this research include M.S. Rafique, C.S. Nathala and W. Husinsky (see also Ethanol).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Lahore, Pakistan, Alcohols, Ethanolamines, Nanostructural, Nanostructures, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies
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