News Column

Patent Issued for Systems and Methods for Providing Neural Stimulation Transitions

January 27, 2014



By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Cardiovascular Week -- From Alexandria, Virginia, NewsRx journalists report that a patent by the inventors Brockway, Marina V. (Shoreview, MN); Haefner, Paul A. (Circle Pines, MN); Caparso, Anthony V. (San Jose, CA); Tesfayesus, Wondimeneh (St. Paul, MN), filed on August 16, 2012, was published online on January 14, 2014 (see also Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.).

The patent's assignee for patent number 8630716 is Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc. (St. Paul, MN).

News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "Neural stimulation has been proposed as a therapy for a number of conditions. Examples of neural stimulation therapies include neural stimulation therapies for respiratory problems such a sleep disordered breathing, blood pressure control such as to treat hypertension, cardiac rhythm management, myocardial infarction and ischemia, heart failure, epilepsy, depression, pain, migraines, eating disorders and obesity, and movement disorders. Neural stimulation therapies can involve intermittent neural stimulation."

As a supplement to the background information on this patent, NewsRx correspondents also obtained the inventors' summary information for this patent: "An embodiment relates to a method that comprises generating a neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy. The neural stimulation signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. In some embodiments, a ramp up protocol is implemented to begin the duty cycle. The ramp up protocol can be used to avoid or reduce overshoot in a desired response to the neural stimulation. In some embodiments, a ramp down protocol is implemented to end the duty cycle. The ramp down protocol can be used to avoid or reduce a rebound neural response. In some embodiments, both the ramp up protocol to begin the duty cycle and the ramp down protocol to end the duty cycle are implemented. The ramp up protocol includes ramping up the intensity from a non-zero first subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle to the therapy level. The ramp down protocol includes ramping down the intensity from the therapy intensity level to a non-zero second subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle.

"An embodiment relates to a method for operating an implantable neural stimulator with programmable parameters adapted to be programmed using a patient-external device. According to various embodiments of the method, at least one ramp parameter for neural stimulation intensity is programmed using the patient-external device. A neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy is generated. The neural stimulation signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. A ramp up protocol, a ramp down protocol, or both a ramp up and ramp down protocol are implemented. The ramp up protocol has at least one programmable ramp up parameter to begin the duty cycle. The programmable ramp up parameter includes a first subthreshold level parameter for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle from which to ramp up to the therapy level, or a ramp up duration parameter, or both the first subthreshold level parameter and the ramp up duration parameter. The ramp down protocol has programmable ramp down parameters to end the duty cycle. The programmable ramp down parameter includes a second subthreshold level parameter for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle to which to ramp down from the therapy level, or a ramp down duration parameter, or both the second subthreshold level parameter and the ramp down duration parameter.

"An embodiment relates to a method for delivering neural stimulation to a neural target of a patient. According to various embodiments, a neural stimulation signal is generated for a neural stimulation therapy. The neural stimulation signal is generated during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle. A ramp up protocol to begin the duty cycle or a ramp down protocol to end the duty cycle is implemented, or both the ramp up protocol to begin the duty cycle and the ramp down protocol to end the duty cycle are implemented. A physiologic response to the end of the duty cycle is monitored. The ramp up protocol, the ramp down protocol, or both the ramp up protocol and ramp down protocol are adjusted using the monitored physiologic response to the end of the duty cycle.

"A neural stimulator embodiment comprises a neural stimulation delivery system and a controller. The neural stimulation delivery system is adapted to generate a neural stimulation signal for a neural stimulation therapy. The controller is adapted to control the neural stimulation delivery system to generate the neural stimulation signal during a duty cycle of a stimulation period to provide the neural stimulation therapy with an intensity at a therapy level for a portion of the duty cycle, and implement a protocol. Some embodiments implement a ramp up protocol to begin the duty cycle by ramping up the intensity from a non-zero first subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the beginning of the duty cycle to the therapy level. Some embodiments implement a ramp down protocol to end the duty cycle by ramping down the intensity from the therapy intensity level to a non-zero second subthreshold level for the neural stimulation therapy at the end of the duty cycle. Some embodiments implement a protocol that includes both the ramp up protocol to begin the duty cycle and the ramp down protocol to end the duty cycle.

"This Summary is an overview of some of the teachings of the present application and not intended to be an exclusive or exhaustive treatment of the present subject matter. Further details about the present subject matter are found in the detailed description and appended claims. Other aspects will be apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reading and understanding the following detailed description and viewing the drawings that form a part thereof, each of which are not to be taken in a limiting sense. The scope of the present invention is defined by the appended claims and their equivalents."

For additional information on this patent, see: Brockway, Marina V.; Haefner, Paul A.; Caparso, Anthony V.; Tesfayesus, Wondimeneh. Systems and Methods for Providing Neural Stimulation Transitions. U.S. Patent Number 8630716, filed August 16, 2012, and published online on January 14, 2014. Patent URL: http://patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=25&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=1214&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=20140114.PD.&OS=ISD/20140114&RS=ISD/20140114

Keywords for this news article include: Therapy, Cardiology, Cardiac Pacemakers Inc..

Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2014, NewsRx LLC


For more stories covering the world of technology, please see HispanicBusiness' Tech Channel



Source: Cardiovascular Week


Story Tools