By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators discuss new findings in Proteobacteria. According to news reporting from San Diego, California, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Nitrosomonas europaea, a model ammonia oxidizing bacterium, was sensitive to both ionic silver (Ag(+)) and 20 nm citrate capped silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). AgNP toxicity has been previously shown to be primarily due to the dissolution of Ag(+)."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from San Diego State University, "The rate of AgNP dissolution dramatically increased in test medium containing ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) and HEPES buffer compared to test medium containing either deionized water or HEPES buffer alone. The AgNP dissolution rates accelerated with increases in ammonia (NH3) concentrations either through increases in pH or through higher (NH4)2SO4 concentrations. Ammonia likely participated in the oxidation of the AgNP to form [Formula: see text] in solution leading to the observed increase in AgNP dissolution rates. AgNP toxicity was enhanced as NH3 concentrations increased. However, Ag(+) toxicity was constant at all NH3 concentrations tested. Therefore, it can be concluded that the increased AgNP toxicity was due to increased Ag(+) release and not due to a synergistic effect between NH3 and Ag(+)."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The results of this study may provide insights in the fate and toxicity of AgNPs in high NH3 environments including wastewater treatment plants, eutrophic waterways and alkaline environments."
For more information on this research see: Influence of ammonia on silver nanoparticle dissolution and toxicity to Nitrosomonas europaea. Chemosphere, 2013;93(10):2493-8. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Chemosphere - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/362)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting C. Kostigen Mumper, Dept. of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182-1324, United States. Additional authors for this research include A.K. Ostermeyer, L. Semprini and T.S Radniecki (see also Proteobacteria).
Keywords for this news article include: Ammonia, San Diego, California, United States, Proteobacteria, Nitrosomonadaceae, Nitrogen Compounds, Nitrosomonas europaea, Gram Negative Bacteria, North and Central America, Gram Negative Aerobic Bacteria, Gram Negative Aerobic Rods and Cocci.
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