Kline is recognized internationally for his scientific leadership in the characterization of molecular factors that are critical to the performance of organic electronics--an exciting class of materials that, if properly harnessed, promise a wealth of innovative technologies including flexible electronic devices and affordable solar cells that can be printed on a roll-to-roll manufacturing line. In particular, Kline has pioneered the use of grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) as a now-widespread technique for quantifying the orientation and structure of organic electronic molecules in films, the knowledge and control of which is critical for the manufacture of high-quality organic electronic devices. The lack of methods to quantify these factors was a considerable road-block for organic electronics, but measurement advances like GIXD have fueled new interest in this technology. Kline has emerged at the forefront of this wave because his GIXD measurements reveal the molecular basis for charge carrier mobility transport in organic semiconductor materials. His stature in the field is reflected in over 60 peer-reviewed publications (including five invited review articles and two book chapters), over 5000 citations, an h-index of 26, 27 invited lectures in the U.S. and multiple countries, and several prestigious NIST and external awards.
Kline is widely known across NIST for his expertise in x-ray scattering and for generously contributing his talents to projects across the laboratories and divisions. He has co-organized three international symposia on organic electronics and a NIST workshop on "Advanced Data Analysis and Modeling Tools for Scattering Methods." He has led or co-led collaborations, CRADAs, or MTAs with Merck Chemical, Corning,
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