By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Current study results on Chemical Engineering have been published. According to news reporting originating from Hokkaido, Japan, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "The entrapment of Fe nanoparticles within a chitosan-carboxymethyl beta-cyclodextrin complex, a nontoxic and biodegradable stabilizer, yields chitosan-Fe nanoparticle-carboxymethyl beta-cyclodextrin beads that are 2.5 mm in diameter and contain 50% iron by weight. The complete disappearance of Cr (VI) and Cu (II) may involve both physical adsorption and reduction of Cr (VI) to Cr (III) and Cu (II) to Cu (0) while oxidizing Fe to Fe (III)."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from Hokkaido University, "The rate of reduction can be expressed by pseudo-second-order reaction kinetics. The rate constants increased with increasing iron loading and initial concentration at pH 6, while the adsorption of Cr (VI) and Cu (II) was found to be endothermic and exothermic, respectively. The apparent activation energies for Cr (VI) and Cu (II) were found to be 71.99 and 18.38 kJ mol(-1), respectively. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the reduction process. The equilibrium data could be well described by both Langmuir and Temkin isotherms for describing monolayer adsorption and chemisorption processes, respectively. Both film diffusion and intraparticle diffusion were found to be the rate-limiting steps from the analysis of an intraparticle diffusion model."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "Thus, the synthesized chitosan-Fe-0-nanoparticle-carboxymethyl beta-cyclodextrin beads can be a potential material for in situ remediation of contaminated surface and ground water."
For more information on this research see: Preparation and characterization of chitosan-caboxymethyl-beta-cyclodextrin entrapped nanozero-valent iron composite for Cu (II) and Cr (IV) removal from wastewater. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2014;236():378-387. Chemical Engineering Journal can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Sa, PO Box 564, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Chemical Engineering Journal - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/601273)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M.T. Sikder, Hokkaido University, Fac Environm Earth Sci, Grp Environm Adaptat Sci, Sapporo, Hokkaido 0600810, Japan. Additional authors for this research include Y. Mihara, M.S. Islam, T. Saito, S. Tanaka and M. Kurasaki.
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Japan, Hokkaido, Chemical Engineering
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