The Standard & Poor's 500 index logged its best year since 1997, gaining 29.6 percent. All 10 industry groups that make up the index rose, led by consumer discretionary stocks, a broad category that includes department stores, restaurants and entertainment companies. Telecommunications stocks rose the least. Here's a breakdown:
CONSUMER DISCRETIONARY: Vendors of non-essential consumer services surged in 2013, boosted by two of the stock market's star performers,
FINANCIALS: Banks, insurers and other financial stocks gained on optimism that the industry is healing after the financial crisis and the Great Recession. This year's gain: 33.2 percent.
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY: Chipmaker Micron was the biggest gainer in the technology sector as demand for its products rose and its profitability improved.
CONSUMER STAPLES: Makers of everyday products gained, as food companies, brewers and grocers all rose. This year's gain: 22.7 percent.
ENERGY: Oil prices rose and U.S.-based drillers increased production. Natural gas producers got a lift as prices rose from the 20-year lows they hit in 2012. This year's gain: 22.3 percent.
UTILITIES: Power companies have limited growth prospects, but everybody needs power, and these companies pay healthy dividends. This year's gain: 8.8 percent.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS: Phone companies are similar to power companies; steady demand, but with limited prospects for growth. They also pay big dividends. This year's gain: 6.5 percent.
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