There was a time when Nokia was not only the unchallenged market leader in standard mobile phones but also dominated sales of smartphones in the early days.
Nokia's Symbian system achieved market penetration of more than 50 per cent before the iPhone went on the market in 2007.
But Apple's advance, along with the success of Google's Android operating system, completely shook up the market.
By the second quarter of this year, Nokia was unable even to secure a place among the top five makers with sales of just 7.4 million Lumia smartphones.
On the basis of unit sales Samsung now easily holds the top spot among smartphone manufacturers. In the last quarter the company sold more than 71 million mobiles with computer connectivity, according to market research company Gartner.
That estimate means the South Korean firm made almost a third of all mobiles sold around the world. Apple was at number two with almost 32 million iPhones, its market share falling to about 14 per cent in the expectation of new models in the pipeline.
Samsung's success is based on Google's Android operating system, which now dominates the smartphone market with a record share of almost 80 per cent.
Other large smartphone makers, such as LG or Chinese companies Lenovo, ZTE and Huawei, also use Android. Microsoft's Windows Phone platform, on which Nokia's Lumia models operate, has 3.3 per cent of the global smartphone market.
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