By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- Investigators publish new report on Immunology. According to news reporting originating from Worcester, Massachusetts, by NewsRx editors, the research stated, "Anti-Gal is the most abundant natural antibody in humans, constituting similar to 1% of immunoglobulins. Anti-Gal is naturally produced also in apes and Old World monkeys."
Our news editors obtained a quote from the research from the University of Massachusetts, "The ligand of anti-Gal is a carbohydrate antigen called the 'alpha-gal epitope' with the structure Gal alpha 1-3Gal beta 1-4GlcNAc-R. The alpha-gal epitope is present as a major carbohydrate antigen in non-primate mammals, prosimians and New World monkeys. Anti-Gal can contributes to several immunological pathogeneses. Anti-Gal IgE produced in some individuals causes allergies to meat and to the therapeutic monoclonal antibody cetuximab, all presenting alpha-gal epitopes. Aberrant expression of the alpha-gal epitope or of antigens mimicking it in humans may result in autoimmune processes, as in Graves' disease. alpha-Gal epitopes produced by Trypanosoma cruzi interact with anti-Gal and induce 'autoimmune like' inflammatory reactions in Chagas' disease. Anti-Gal IgM and IgG further mediate rejection of xenografts expressing alpha-gal epitopes. Because of its abundance, anti-Gal may be exploited for various clinical uses. It increases immunogenicity of microbial vaccines (e.g. influenza vaccine) presenting alpha-gal epitopes by targeting them for effective uptake by antigen-presenting cells. Tumour lesions are converted into vaccines against autologous tumour-associated antigens by intra-tumoral injection of alpha-gal glycolipids, which insert into tumour cell membranes. Anti-Gal binding to alpha-gal epitopes on tumour cells targets them for uptake by antigen-presenting cells. Accelerated wound healing is achieved by application of alpha-gal nanoparticles, which bind anti-Gal, activate complement, and recruit and activate macrophages that induce tissue regeneration."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This therapy may be of further significance in regeneration of internally injured tissues such as ischaemic myocardium and injured nerves."
For more information on this research see: Anti-Gal: an abundant human natural antibody of multiple pathogeneses and clinical benefits. Immunology, 2013;140(1):1-11. Immunology can be contacted at: Wiley-Blackwell, 111 River St, Hoboken 07030-5774, NJ, USA. (Wiley-Blackwell - www.wiley.com/; Immunology - onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1365-2567)
The news editors report that additional information may be obtained by contacting U. Galili, University of Massachusetts, Dept. of Surg, Sch Med, Worcester, MA 01655, United States (see also Immunology).
Keywords for this news article include: Antibodies, Antigens, Therapy, Worcester, Immunology, Massachusetts, United States, Blood Proteins, Immunoglobulins, Biological Factors, North and Central America
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