The assertion that change is approaching in the monetary policy of the U.S., in the sense that the days of easy money may soon be over, has caused a reversal of capital flows out of emerging market economies. From Indonesia, India and Turkey to Brazil, currencies are tumbling and capital is flying out, as people look for better yields back in their home countries.
Decreases in commodity exports, due to slower demand in China and India, were contributing to slower growth rates among emerging market economies. Still, capital inflows persisted, pushing currencies upward and generating complaints from exporters and central bankers.
Find out how U.S. Hispanic-owned export companies are doing in the Export Enterprises: Expanding the Marketplace overview.
Depending on how far they will go, the devaluations may be a welcome correction. Besides, this is not a free fall. Central banks are managing the decline, according to Brazil's Finance Minister Guido Mantega, "to make sure there is not excessive volatility."
Also, this time may be different. There are fewer dollar-denominated debts, along with balanced budgets, subdued inflation, abundant foreign exchange reserves and flexible exchange rates.
Nobel Prize winner Paul Krugman, in his New York Times column, said he did not think this change in the performance of emerging market economies posed a threat to the world economy.
However, he admitted he was saying that "with his fingers crossed behind his back."
Isaac Cohen is an international analyst and consultant, a commentator on economic and financial issues for CNN en Español TV and radio, and a former director, UNECLAC Washington Office.
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