No assignee for patent application serial number 787403 has been made.
News editors obtained the following quote from the background information supplied by the inventors: "In computer systems, an information object such as a file stores information (also referred to as content) in a particular format that is accessible by invoking a native application capable of reading and processing that format. For example, documents in different formats are accessible via different word processing applications. To access information objects via conventional graphical user interfaces (GUIs), users typically locate the information object and invoke an application capable of providing access to the information.
"Many conventional graphical user interfaces organize and display information objects hierarchically in file systems comprising directories (e.g. folders) and files at one or more levels. To access a particular information object, users must selectively traverse through the file system by repeatedly selecting a series of nested directories by clicking on directory icons to access a lower level directory containing the information object. The hierarchy of a conventional file system is typically created manually by the user by creating the nested, hierarchical arrangement of directories and moving the information object into one of these directories. This process of manually organizing objects requires the user to invest considerable time and attention in deciding on which directories and subdirectories to create, and where to place information objects within them. In addition, once created, the hierarchical directory structure is entirely static, and does not change unless the user purposely creates, deletes, or reorganize the contents.
"Hierarchical organization of information objects in conventional GUIs also suffers from a tradeoff between focus and context. While viewing a hierarchical directory structure, users have access to the context of an information object, such as the location of the object in a hierarchical file system, but they are unable to access the detailed information in a particular object. On the other hand, while accessing the detailed information in a particular object, for example while viewing a video file, users are likely to lose context of where the information is in a hierarchy or in an overall information schema. This loss of context while accessing the content of an information object can inhibit understanding of the content and can make it difficult for a user to find logically related information. One example of a hierarchical file system that suffers from a tradeoff between context and focus is Windows Explorer provided by the
"In conventional graphical user interfaces such as the Windows operating system, the icon or symbol associated with an information object provides only limited information about the file or folder, typically only the name and type of information object and the associated application for accessing the object. For example, a Microsoft Word document has an icon resembling a sheet of paper. Unless a user already knows the contents of an information object, the information object's icon provides no additional information about the content of the information object to the user to facilitate a decision as to whether or not to access the object.
Most Popular Stories
- Hezbollah Chief's Assassination Claimed by Sunni Group
- Guardian Pressured to Stop NSA Stories: Editor
- Newtown Massacre Heard on 911 Recordings
- New Home Sales Shoot up 25 Percent in October
- U.S. Growth Stayed Steady During Shutdown, Fed Says
- Allstate Seeks to Invest in Minority Firms
- Boehner Blames Obama, Senate for Congressional Inactivity
- CEOs More Optimistic About Economy, Hiring
- Liberty Power Gets Minority Business Nod
- Latin Music Conference Turns 25