By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- New research on Cellular Structures is the subject of a report. According to news reporting originating in Kazan, Russia, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Plant polysaccharides comprise the major portion of organic matter in the biosphere. The cell wall built on the basis of polysaccharides is the key feature of a plant organism largely determining its biology."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the Russian Academy of Science, "All together, around 10 types of polysaccharide backbones, which can be decorated by different substituents giving rise to endless diversity of carbohydrate structures, are present in cell walls of higher plants. Each of the numerous cell types present in plants has cell wall with specific parameters, the features of which mostly arise from the structure of polymeric components. The structure of polysaccharides is not directly encoded by the genome and has variability in many parameters (molecular weight, length, and location of side chains, presence of modifying groups, etc.). The extent of such variability is limited by the 'functional fitting' of the polymer, which is largely based on spatial organization of the polysaccharide and its ability to form supramolecular complexes of an appropriate type. Consequently, the carrier of the functional specificity is not the certain molecular structure but the certain type of the molecules having a certain degree of heterogeneity."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "This review summarizes the data on structural features of plant cell wall polysaccharides, considers formation of supramolecular complexes, gives examples of tissue- and stage-specific polysaccharides and functionally significant carbohydrate-carbohydrate interactions in plant cell wall, and presents approaches to analyze the spatial structure of polysaccharides and their complexes."
For more information on this research see: Spatial structure of plant cell wall polysaccharides and its functional significance. Biochemistry-Moscow, 2013;78(7):836-853. Biochemistry-Moscow can be contacted at: Maik Nauka, Interperiodica, Springer, 233 Spring St, New York, NY 10013-1578, USA (see also Cellular Structures).
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting T.A. Gorshkova, Russian Academy Sci, Kazan Sci Center, Kazan Inst Biochem & Biophys, Kazan 420111, Russia. Additional authors for this research include L.V. Kozlova and P.V. Mikshina.
Keywords for this news article include: Kazan, Russia, Eurasia, Cell Wall, Nanotechnology, Cellular Structures, Emerging Technologies, Supramolecular Complexes
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