News Column

France Calls for 'Force' if Syria Used Nerve Gas

August 22, 2013

France's foreign minister Thursday called for the use of force against Syria if claims chemical weapons were used against civilians are confirmed.

Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said if reports by opposition activist groups are correct that more than 1,300 people died in a chemical weapons attack outside Damascus, "a reaction of force must be taken," CNN reported.

An emergency session of the U.N. Security Council was called after the report emerged, but Russia and China blocked a formal resolution.

Fabius said after the session, if the U.N. Security Council "cannot do it, decisions will be made otherwise." However, he ruled out sending ground troops into Syria.

Speaking in Berlin, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu called on the United Nations to act decisively, saying "all red lines" had been crossed, referencing a phrase coined a year ago by President Obama.

The Security Council "can't assume an undecisive attitude," he said.

Davutoglu called on Syria to allow U.N. inspectors to visit the site of the alleged bombing immediately.

A U.S. official said the White House has "strong indications" the Assad regime used nerve gas in attacks on Syrian rebels.

Israeli Minister of Strategic Affairs Yuval Steinetz backed up the U.S. claim.

"According to our intelligence assessments there was use of chemical weapons, and this of course was not for the first time," The New York Times reported.

He called the U.N. investigation "a joke," CNN said.

Syrian authorities denied using chemical weapons. They accused the opposition of fabricating claims or staging gas attacks.

Russia alleged rebels staged the attack to get the U.N. Security Council to side with the opposition and scuttle possible peace talks.

At least five towns were gassed in the pre-dawn attacks in Damascus suburbs where rebels have had recent success in fighting off regime forces, opposition groups and activists said.

Witnesses said Russian-type Grad rockets -- similar to those the Palestinian Sunni Islamic group Hamas has fired into Israel -- started falling about 2 a.m.

Dozens of videos posted online showed scores of lifeless bodies sprawled on floors. Some men were wrapped in burial shrouds, some children were in diapers. No wounds were visible.

Other videos showed children on makeshift hospital floors vomiting, convulsing and struggling to breathe. Some were being treated with hand-held respirators while others received cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Men sprawled on the floor were shown being hosed down.

Women were killed and treated too, but they were not recorded on video out of respect, opposition activists said.

The Western-backed Syrian Opposition Coalition said more than 1,100 people died.

The Local Coordination Committees of Syria, a network of opposition activists, said at least 1,360 were killed.

The United Medical Office of al-Ghouta, an umbrella group for opposition-run field hospitals, put the number of dead at 1,600.

The alleged attack sites weren't accessible to journalists, so it was not immediately possible to confirm the allegations or casualty counts.

But a senior Obama administration official told The Wall Street Journal late Wednesday there are "strong indications there was a chemical weapons attack -- clearly by the government."

The indications are preliminary and "we do need to do our due diligence and get all the facts and determine what steps need to be taken," the official said.

But the White House conclusion in June forces loyal to President Bashar Assad used chemical weapons on a small scale a number of times in the past year did not bring about a noticeable shift in U.S. engagement.

White House spokesman Josh Earnest said Wednesday the administration was "deeply concerned" about the reports.

The United States, the European Union and other world powers called for the 13 U.N. weapons inspectors in Syria investigating other sites of alleged chemical-weapons attacks to immediately visit Wednesday's attack sites.

The team is based 5- to 10 miles away.

Russia, a regime supporter, suggested rebels had launched a chemical attack and blamed it on the regime to win U.N. support and thwart a planned peace conference in Geneva, Switzerland.

"All of this really looks like an attempt, at any cost, to create a reason to produce demands for the U.N. Security Council to side with the regime's opponents and undermine the chances of convening the Geneva conference," Foreign Ministry spokesman Alexander Lukashevich said in a statement.

The Security Council, meeting in emergency session, called for a prompt investigation of the allegations and appealed for a cease-fire, but took no further action.

British Deputy U.N. Ambassador Philip Parham said on Twitter late Wednesday night 37 countries had signed a letter to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon formally requesting Syrian authorities grant the U.N. investigators "urgent access to all relevant sites and information sources.

Source: Copyright UPI 2013

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