Prosecutors have rested their case in George Zimmerman's
second-degree murder trial in the shooting death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin.
The state formally rested about 5 p.m., after lengthy argument on a defense motion asking for a judgment of aquittal, a ruling by Circuit Judge Debra Nelson that the state's case was insufficient to proceed.
If Nelson had granted that motion, Zimmerman would've gone free. However, the judge denied the motion. The trial will continue.
The defense then called its first witness: Gladys Zimmerman, George Zimmerman's mother.
The state's last witness this afternoon was the man who autopsied the teenager. Dr. Shiping Bao told jurors that Trayvon likely remained alive for a time after George Zimmerman's bullet pierced his heart, and would have been "suffering."
"His heart was still beating," Bao, an associate medical examiner, is testifying today. He said the teen could have stayed alive for as long as 10 minutes, though he thought it was unlikely Trayvon could move.
"He was still alive, he was still in pain," Bao said.
When Bao returned to the stand after lunch this afternoon, the lawyers in the case had a lengthy debate at the bench.
Then, with the jury not present, Circuit Judge Debra Nelson held a hearing to determine if prosecutors had violated discovery rules by failing to reveal that Bao has changed his opinion.
The two opinion changes: Bao at first thought Trayvon may have lived up to three minutes after he was shot. He revised that upward based on another case he handled recently, Bao said.
He also changed his mind about whether the amount of THC -- the active ingredient of marijuana -- in Trayvon's system when he died could have effected his mental state. He now feels it could have.
Nelson ruled there was no violation. She also ruled the THC testimony inadmissible, so the jury won't hear about it.
Earlier today, Bao testified that he ruled Trayvon's shooting was a homicide, the killing of one person by another. A bullet pierced Trayvon's heart, Bao said, adding the injuries were not survivable: "No chance, zero."
He said there were small abrasions on two of the fingers on the teen's left hand.
Bao said he has no opinion on what Zimmerman's and Trayvon's body positions were when the shot was fired.
"I have no fact, I have zero opinion," he said.
On cross examination, Bao confirmed that Trayvon's hands were not bagged at the shooting scene to preserve evidence. He said he didn't remember the autopsy beyond what's in his notes, and said the teenager's clothes would have been put in paper bags -- not plastic.
On Wednesday, a Florida Department of Law Enforcement DNA analyst testified that the FDLE received Trayvon's clothes in a plastic bag, which could have degraded any DNA evidence on them.
Bao testified in court today that bagging wet evidence in plastic would be a firable offense.
Jurors this morning heard testimony from Trayvon's mother and brother in Zimmerman's second-degree murder trial. They said the person heard crying for help in the background of a 911 call was the 17-year-old, not his killer.
On the stand this morning, Trayvon's mother, Sybrina Fulton, told prosecutor Bernie de la Rionda that Trayvon, 17 when he died, was her youngest son: "He's
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