Transgenic soy had been grown clandestinely in
In 2003, the adoption of Decree 4680, which stipulated the labelling of foods with a genetically modified organism (GMO) content of at least one percent, was considered a landmark decision.
But the most definitive step in this direction was taken by the administration of Luiz InÁcio
Finally, in 2005, the adoption of the Biosafety Law established the
Two years later, another law created the
Plant diseases, pests and invasive species are the main causes of financial losses in agriculture, especially due to the difficulty of monitoring and controlling them, according to agricultural engineer JoÃo SebastiÃo AraÚjo, from the
“In this context, in 1996 a new technology was introduced, transgenesis, with a variety of maize that contained proteins derived from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt),” providing the maize with the bacterium’s insecticidal properties, AraÚjo told TierramÉrica.
“It became one of the most commonly used technologies in agriculture in
The emergence of this technology was followed by a new escalation in the use of fertilisers, new crop varieties, agricultural machinery and the introduction of entomotoxic (insecticidal) molecules, “all aimed at achieving bigger crop yields,” said AraÚjo.
This new technological package was then promoted by transnational corporations in countries like
As a result, considerable pressure was exerted by these corporations to gain government authorisation for the use of transgenics, with the promise of greater efficiency and lower costs.
According to CÉleres, a consulting firm that specialises in the agribusiness sector, GM crops occupied 37.1 million hectares of land in
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