The Nevada Legislature fast tracked an online gaming bill, declaring it an emergency measure in order to get it to Gov. Brian Sandoval for a potential signature today.
After a 90-minute hearing before a joint meeting of the Assembly and Senate Judiciary committees, both houses of the Legislature voted unanimously to pass Assembly Bill 114, which would allow Nevada to move head with online poker in the absence of federal action on the issue and to join in interstate compacts that would expand the customer base for Nevada casinos.
"We're going to do it now," said Assembly Majority Leader William Horne, D-Las Vegas, who wants to beat New Jersey. "We're going to see if we can do it today. We're going to beat New Jersey."
The bill now moves to the Senate for a vote this afternoon.
"This is good natured competition," said Pete Ernaut, lobbyist for the Nevada Resort Association, in reference to New Jersey. "If we get there first, fantastic. If we get there within 24 to 48 hours, it's not a big deal."
Ernaut said the competition is the "gaming version of the space race."
New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie has said he will sign an amended online gaming bill, a move that could come early next week. Christie wants higher taxes on the state's online gaming operations.
The Assembly vote came after Sandoval and Horne reached a compromise on how much to charge for an online poker license. Horne had wanted to double the current license fee to $1 million.
He backed down from that, agreeing to a compromise that would allow the Nevada Gaming Commission to increase the $500,000 fee in certain circumstances.
The pair sat side by side to testify in support of the compromise legislation.
Republican and Democratic support for the bill should help it sail through the Assembly and Senate to the governor's desk, where Sandoval could be one of the first governors in the country to sign an online poker bill.
"It is important that we move quickly," Sandoval said, arguing that Nevada must maintain its edge in being responsive to changes in gaming technology and culture. "Other states are on the verge of approving similar measures. It is vital that we move quickly."
An online poker law would legalize online gambling for the first time in Nevada, allow Nevadans to play online poker with players in other states, and potentially net Nevada millions of dollars in licensing and other fees.
The bill also repeals a Nevada law that says the state should wait for federal action authorizing online gaming. A federal proposal failed this past year, spurring states to push their own gaming proposals.
"We cannot wait any longer for Congress to act," Sandoval said to a legislative committee Thursday.
Even without federal approval, Sandoval said the state should be in "good legal standing" to enter into interstate compacts exclusively for online poker, and his administration will communicate with the federal Department of Justice as Nevada crafts the compact language that would be authorized under this proposal.
Calling it a "new frontier," Sandoval said that although the bill talks about "interactive gaming," he believes federal law precludes any interstate compacts involving gaming other than interactive poker.
Additionally, Ernaut said the Nevada Resort Association favors poker because it is a player versus player game.
"We don't want to have undue competition for those who have spent billions of dollars building these beautiful resorts in Las Vegas and Reno, and that's why we've limited it to poker," he said.
Gaming regulators will address many of the specifics and mechanics of what online poker will look like for consumers.
"Those sort of things would have to be hammered out in interstate agreements," said A.C. Burnett, chairman of the state's Gaming Control Board. "Our staff have traveled the world during the past five years to understand how online poker is regulated overseas."
Overseas gamblers have played online poker for years and Americans have played illegally.
"This essentially legitimizes and regulates what is already going on," Burnett said.
No other state has legalized online gaming, but many are examining proposals similar to Nevada's.
"This is a multibillion dollar industry that we haven't been participating in," Horne said.
The bill puts pressure on the state's gaming regulators to use their expertise to craft the specific language of interstate compacts that appeal to other states that may not have as much history in regulating gambling.
They will have to address regulatory requirements including fraud and identity theft protection, age verification and geolocation technologies.
"In these agreements, we're hoping that our regulatory framework that we have developed over the decades will be part of the selling point to jurisdictions that don't have that," Horne said.
Horne said the idea is to partner with states that have larger populations than Nevada, which would provide millions of customers for land-based casinos that also operate licensed online poker websites.
The price of entering into that market had been a sticking point for Horne and Sandoval.
Horne previously advocated a $1 million licensing fee and $500,000 renewal fee for online gaming licenses. The governor did not support Horne's proposal, which had doubled the fees.
The bill passed with an amendment that knocked the fees back down to $500,000 for a license but allows the state's Gaming Commission to increase the licensing fees to up to $1 million or lower them to $150,000.
Under the bill, operating licenses for gaming establishments would only be available to a "resort hotel that holds a nonrestricted license to operate games and gaming devices."
The bill would ban for five years some companies who illegally participated in the online gaming market between 2006 and 2011.
Horne said the ban is a compromise between a "Pete Rose" and "single game suspension" punishment for companies that didn't play by the rules and could now have an unfair advantage if they entered the legal market proposed under Nevada's bill.
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