| KUWAIT, Dec 26 (KUNA) -- The following is a KUNA roundup of top events that took place in Arab countries during the year 2013.
Syria ===== January 30 -- Israeli jetfighters strike a military research center in the capital Damascus.
February 10 -- Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad reshuffles cabinet.
February 11 -- Opposition fighters seize Euphrates River dam, the largest dam in Syria.
March 3 -- Opposition forces took control of most of the police academy in Aleppo after a battle that claimed lives of dozens of opposition and government forces.
March 9 -- The UN peacekeepers, who were shortly abducted by opposition forces in the disputed Golan Heights region, were released and moved to the Jordanian capital Amman.
March 18 -- Syrian opposition meets in Istanbul to choose interim government and prime minister to run the affairs in the opposition-held areas in Syria.
March 21 -- Over 42 people, including senior pro-government preacher, killed in a powerful mosque blast in Damascus.
April 8 -- Syrian government refuses to receive a UN mission to investigate allegations over the use of chemical weapons in the conflict.
April 16 -- President Bashar Al-Assad issues general amnesty for crimes committed before the date of April 16, 2013.
May 6 -- The UN human rights investigators announce gathering testimony from casualties of Syria's civil war and medical staff and allegations of use of nerve agent sarin.
May 30 -- Syria receives the first batch of the advanced Russian anti-aircraft S-300 missile system.
July 8 -- The ruling Baath Party reshuffles leadership.
August 15 -- Syria accepts essential terms of a UN chemical weapons probe.
September 12 -- Syria officially joins the UN Chemical Weapons Convention.
September 16 -- A UN report claims that chemical weapons were used at Ghouta, Syria, on August 21, on a relatively large scale resulting in numerous casualties.
September 20 -- Syria starts submitting details of its chemical arsenal to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, the world's chemical weapons watchdog.
September 27 -- The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons adopts a decision on the destruction of the Syrian chemical arsenal.
September 28 -- The UN Security Council passes a resolution obliges the Syrian government to destroy its chemical weapons arsenal.
October 1 -- Inspectors of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons arrive in Syria to dismantle Syria chemical weapons.
October 2 -- The UN Security Council urges all sides in Syrian crisis to immediately provide access for humanitarian aid to the conflicted affected people inside Syria.
October 12 -- The UN Security Council forms a joint mission with Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in Syria.
October 14 -- Three International Red Cross workers who were abducted in Syria were released unharmed.
October 21 -- Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad says he saw no reason he could not run for the 2014 presidential elections.
October 29 -- Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad sacks vice-premier for economic affairs Qadri Jamil.
October 29 -- The World Health Organization confirms an outbreak of polio in war-torn Syria.
October 31 -- Syria meets deadline to destroy chemical production facilities.
November 23 -- Islamist fighters seize Syria's largest oilfield.
November 30 -- The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) says the United States has offered to destroy Syria's chemical weapons on a Navy ship.
December 10 -- Al-Qaeda affiliate Islamic State of Iraq and Sham (ISIS) abducts two Spanish journalists in Syria.
Arab and International Reactions: ================================= January 8 -- The United Nations announces that about one million Syrians are in need of food aid due to government restrictions on aid distribution.
January 13 -- Arab foreign ministers send a fact-finding committee to the countries hosting Syrian refugees to assess their needs before the convention of the first Syria donor conference in Kuwait late January.
January 30 -- Kuwait hosts the first international Syria donor conference, donates USD300 million. The conference raises USD1.5 billion of aid pledges.
February 13 -- Russian arms exporter says supplies to Syria will go on, adding that Russia's weapon deliveries include anti-missile air defense systems but not attack weapons such as planes or helicopters.
February 13 -- Qatar hands the Syrian embassy in Doha to Syria opposition coalition.
February 18 -- The European Union took steps to provide direct aid potentially including security advice to Syrian opposition.
March 15 -- The European Union rejects Franco-British proposal to lift an EU arms embargo to allow weapons supplies to Syrian opposition.
March 16 -- The New York-based Human Rights Watch accuses Syrian government forces of using widely-banned cluster bombs in 119 different locations across Syria in the past six months. April 18 -- Jordan announces opposition to any military intervention in Syria.
April 22 -- The European Union eases sanctions on Syria to allow more support to opposition.
May 10 -- UK Prime Minister David Cameron and Russian President agree on the need to work together to help form a transitional government in Syria.
May 15 -- The UN General Assembly adopts resolution strongly condemns Syria violence and calls for involved parties to immediately end the hostilities on all sides, and work together for an inclusive Syrian-led political transition to a democratic, pluralistic political system.
May 15 -- The UN General Assembly voted to accept the Syrian National Coalition as a legitimate party in the country's potential political transition.
May 17 -- The US Administration imposes a fresh round of sanctions on Syria, targeting four ministers, one airline and one TV station.
May 27 -- The European Union lifts Syrian opposition arms embargo. May 29 -- The US Administration welcomes the European Union's decision to lift arms embargo on Syrian opposition. June 4 -- Russian President Vladimir Putin says that his country has not delivered sophisticated S-300 air defense missile systems to Syria yet to avoid tilting the balance of power in the region.
July 5 -- Russia blocked a UN Security Council demand that Syria allow immediate access to civilians trapped in Homs.
July 8 -- Cairo International Airport authorities order a Syrian Airlines plane to fly back to Latakia with all its passengers on board, according to new regulations which state that Syrian nationals must obtain a visa and security approval before arriving in Cairo.
July 30 -- The Central Bank of Syria and the Central Bank of Iran hammer out an agreement on banking arrangements to implement a USD 6.3 billion-worth oil credit line to Syria from Iran.
August 28 -- Britain presents a proposal to the UN Security Council to allow taking all required measures to protect civilians in Syria.
August 30 -- US Secretary of State John Kerry accuses Syrian government forces of killing 1,429 people in a chemical weapons attack in Damascus a week ago.
August 30 -- British government says it will not participate in any military action against Syria after losing a parliamentary vote on Syria action. September 1 -- US President Barack Obama seeks approval by Congress for strike in Syria.
September 4 -- US Senate Foreign Relations Committee passes authorization for use of US military force in Syria.
September 9 -- Russia asks Syria to put its chemical weapons stockpiles under international control and then have them destroyed.
September 14 -- Russia and the United States reach a deal on a framework that will see the destruction or removal of Syria's chemical weapons by mid- 2014.
September 16 -- Turkish warplanes shoot down a Syrian helicopter.
September 26 -- The United States and Russia agree on Syria UN chemical arms destruction resolution.
October 7 -- Turkey builds wall on Syrian border to prevent illegal migration.
October 9 -- The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) sends second team to Syria.
December 2 -- The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay says there was mounting evidence that Syrian government officials, including President Bashar Al-Assad, are responsible for crimes against humanity and war crimes.
December 10 -- The UN refugee agency starts airlifting aid from Iraq to north-eastern Syria to provide much-needed relief supplies for vulnerable people in an inaccessible area.
December 11 -- US and UK suspends non-lethal aid to Syrian opposition fighters.
Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces: ================================================================= February 22 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces reveals plans to form a provisional government in opposition-held areas of the country after a meeting in Cairo.
March 19 -- Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces members elect former businessman Ghassan Hitto as provisional prime minister in a meeting in Istanbul.
March 20 -- The United States, UK and France welcome the election of Syrian businessman Ghassan Hitto as a provisional prime minister in a meeting in Istanbul.
April 22 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces Leader Moaz Al Khatib resigns after failure to persuade Syrian opposition supporting countries to supplies opposition fighters with the weapons they need.
April 22 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces chooses dissident George Sabra as a new leader.
June 22 -- Foreign ministers of countries supporting the Syrian opposition agree to offer urgent material aid to opposition fighters to curb the advance of government forces.
July 4 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces convenes in Turkey to elect new presidential committee which comprise leader, three vice-presidents and a secretary general.
July 9 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces accepts the resignation of Provisional Prime Minister Ghassan Hitto, only four months after his election to the top post.
August 12 -- Syrian Kurdish groups sign agreement with the Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces stipulates the return of the forces of both sides to previous bases and exchange of prisoners.
September 14 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces elect Ahmed Tumeh, 48, as a new provisional prime minister to replace Ghassan Hitto.
October 8 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces President Ahmad Jarba announces that the opposition will not attend proposed peace talks in Geneva unless their goal that is President Bashar Al-Assad's removal from power was met.
November 8 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces refuses to take part in an informal meeting with Syrian government officials in Moscow aimed at resolving the crisis in the war-torn country.
November 12 -- The Syrian National Coalition names a provisional government for opposition-held areas and elects Ahmed Tumeh as PM.
November 13 -- The Democratic Union Party (PYD), the largest Kurdish party in Syria, forms an interim transitional administration for the northeastern areas in Syria.
November 18 -- The Islamist opposition Al Tawhid Brigade announces the death of its leader Abdul-Qadir Saleh in a government airstrike in Aleppo.
November 22 -- Seven Syrian Islamist groups unite to form an Islamic Front to topple Bashar Al-Assad regime.
November 28 -- The Syrian National Coalition of Revolutionary and Opposition Forces agree to attend the UN-sponsored second Geneva conference for Syria peace to mull away out of the civil conflict. June 8 -- Over 28 people were killed in heavy clashes between the army and militia fighters in the eastern city of Benghazi.
June 9 -- Libyan Army Chief of Staff Youssef Al-Mangoush resigns after the death of 30 people in clashes between protesters and a militia in Benghazi.
June 25 -- Nouri Abusahmain, from the Amazigh (Berber) minority, was elected president for Libya'sGeneral National Congress.
June 27 -- Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan sacks Defense Minister Mohammed Al-Barghathi following upsurge of violence in the country.
July 27 -- Political activist Abdul-Salam Al-Musmari was killed by unknown assailants in a drive-by shooting in Benghazi.
August 4 -- Libya's Deputy Prime Minister Awad Al-Barasi resigns citing lack of enough powers to carry out his duties.
August 25 -- Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan announces the launch of a national dialogue initiative to tackle issues ranging from national reconciliation to disarmament.
September 3 -- Gunmen abduct daughter of Libya's former intelligence chief Abdullah Al-Senussi after her release from a prison in Tripoli.
September 8 -- Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan faces increasing calls to resign after huge losses incurred by the petroleum sector due to the ongoing worker strikes.
September 18 -- Libya's crude oil production recovers to nearly 40 percent of its capacity before the ouster of former leader Muammar Gaddafi.
October 4 -- The Russian embassy evacuates its staff in Tripoli after a militant attack on it.
October 6 -- The United States capture Senior Libyan Al-Qaeda Leader Abu Anas Al-Liby in an unannounced commando operation in the Libyan capital Tripoli.
October 10 -- Libyan Prime Minister Ali Zeidan shortly kidnapped by a local militia.
October 18 -- Gunmen kill Libya's Military Police Force Commander Ahmed Al-Barghathi as he left his house in the eastern city of Benghazi.
October 28 -- Unidentified gunmen seize a truck transporting cash to the equivalent of USD 54 million in Libya's northern port city of Sirte.
November 12 -- The International Monetary Fund (IMF) says Libya's economy is expected to shrink by 5.1 percent in 2013 due to a wave of strikes crippling oil exports.
November 15 -- The International Criminal Court demands the Libyan government to hand over Saif Al-Islam, the son of the deposed leader Muammar Gaddafi, to be tried in The Hague over crimes against humanity.
November 16 -- Militants attack protesters calling for the withdrawal of militants from their city and kill 31 protesters and injure 235 others in Tripoli.
November 17 -- Libya's Deputy Intelligence Chief Mustafa Noah was kidnapped outside Tripoli's international airport.
November 28 -- Over 40 people killed in an army ammunition depot blast in south Libya.
Sudan: ====== January 6 -- Sudanese opposition parties and movements sign a "New Dawn Charter" to unify efforts to topple President Omar Al-Bashir's regime.
February 18 -- The Sudanese Navy and Royal Saudi Naval Forces conduct their first joint navy military exercise.
March 12 -- Sudan and South Sudan agree to restart South Sudan's oil flow after finalizing a border deal. North Sudan army pullout forces from the buffer zone on border with South Sudan as per the deal signed in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa a week earlier.
April 1 -- President Omar Al-Bashir orders the release of all political prisoners.
April 5 -- Sudan and South Sudan agreed to start oil pumping in mid-April and the exportation by the end of May.
May 2 -- More than 60 killed in gold mine collapse in Sudan's western province of Darfur.
May 13 -- The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) announces the assassination of its leaders and deputy leader in an ambush on Sudanese-Chadian borders.
May 30 -- The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) agrees on sending extra 1,100 troops to Sudan's Abyei.
June 8 -- Sudan freezes oil and security deals with South and President Omar Al-Bashir orders stoppage of exportation of South Sudan oil through Sudan.
July 10 -- Sudan frees ex-intelligence chief Salah Gosh after being found un-guilty in a coup plot against President Al-Bashir.
August 22 -- Floods hit Sudan, killing over 50 people and affecting more than 300,000 people across the country.
September 3 -- Sudan reverses threat to stop South Sudan oil flow.
September 22 -- Sudan's President Omar Al-Bashir, wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC), says he plans to travel to the United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York.
September 26 -- At least 27 people were killed in deadly clashes between police and people protesting against the abolishing of fuel subsidy.
September 27 -- The Interior Ministry announces the arrest of 600 "rioters" as protests continued across the country against the government decision to cancel fuel subsidy and raise fuel prices. September 28 -- The United States turned down a demand from President Omar Al-Bashir to get an entry visa to allow him to attend the United Nations General Assembly meeting in New York.
October 3 -- Sudan'sDemocratic Unionist Party (DUP) says it considers withdrawal from the government in protest against the repression of the demonstrations against fuel prices increase.
October 4 -- Sudan tries 36 people on charges of instigating violence during popular protests. The United Nations condemns Sudan repression of the protests.
October 26 -- Leading reformist figures at Sudan's ruling party announces a plan to defect and form new party in protest against the deadly crackdown on protesters.
November 17 -- Sudan's army restores control over Abu Zabad city in the western Kordofan Province after heavy clashes with rebels.
December 4 -- Sudan's President Omar Al-Bashir announces approval of Ethiopian mega dam on the Nile River, citing economic benefits for Sudan.
December 7 -- Sudan's President Omar Al-Bashir unveils the resignation of his first deputy Ali Othman Taha.
South Sudan: ============ January 17 -- South Sudan starts pullout of its forces from the buffer zone on borders with Sudan.
June 19 -- President Salva Kiir fires finance minister and cabinet affairs minister over alleged corruption.
June 26 -- Uganda, Rwanda and Kenya agree on setting up an oil pipeline to export South Sudan oil through a Kenyan port.
July 20 -- South Sudan reveals a plan to sell 6.4 million barrels of oil at a total value of USD 300,000 amid fears of shutting down of oil production by the end of the month due to a dispute over its alleged support for rebels in neighboring Sudan.
July 23 -- President Salva Kiir sacks Vice-President Riek Machar and his entire cabinet.
August 23 -- President Salva Kiir appoints James Wani Igga as new vice-president.
October 21 -- At least 41 people were killed in a rebel attack in South Sudan's eastern state of Jonglei.
December 16 -- Violent infighting took place around the Juba airport in South Sudan as authorities announced a foiled coup and imposed a night curfew.
December 17 -- Renewed clashes happened in Juba just one day after the government announced it had aborted the coup attempt. The clashes claimed the lives of 400-500 people over just a couple of days.
December 19 -- South Sudan's rebels took control of Bor City as as infighting continued.
December 21 -- South Sudan's army commander in the northern oil-rich State of Al-Wahda joined rebels. Egypt: ====== January 13 -- Egyptian Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim announced the arrest of the main suspect in the attack on Presidential Palace protesters.
January 19 -- Egyptian Shura Council approved a draft law on the election of the House of Representatives and the practicing political rights.
January 28 -- The Egyptian Shura Council approved a law allowing the armed force to arrest on civilians to restore security.
January 28 -- Egyptian President Mohammad Morsi declared a state of emergency in three cities.
February 17 -- Civil disobedience was declared in Port Said.
February 20 -- The National Salvation Front asked for forming a neutral government and choosing a new public prosecutor before participation in any dialogue with the presidency.
February 23 -- Egyptian opposition leader Mohamed ElBaradei called for a boycott of parliamentary elections.
February 26 -- Hot air balloon crashed near the Egyptian town of Luxor, killing 19 tourists who were aboard.
March 7 -- Egypt's election committee has cancelled dates for parliamentary elections after a court ruled against the country's election law.
March 8 -- Police officers closed more than 30 police stations to protest the way Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim ran the ministry.
March 18 -- Egyptian public prosecutor blocked the assets of 21 businessmen on manipulating the Egyptian Stock Exchange.
March 23 -- More than 200 people were injured in clashes between supporters and opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
March 30 -- First flight to Iran in 34 years departed from Cairo airport.
April 2 -- Egypt raised the price of state-subsidized cooking gas by 60 percent for the first time in two decades.
April 2 -- Al-Azhar University students staged a protest after more than 500 of their colleagues suffered food poisoning.
April 3 -- The Supreme Council of Al-Azhar sacked the head of Al-Azhar University Usamah Al-Abd over the food poisoning incidence.
April 5 -- The Sudanese and Egyptian Presidents agreed in their talks to open the eastern and western land road between the two countries and increase the economic cooperation.
April 8 -- Mohamed Morsi ordered the reformation of Egypt'sNational Council for Justice and Equality (NCJE) with a view to promoting values and citizenship.
April 11 -- The Egyptian and Libyan governments signed an agreement under which Libya will offer Egypt an interest-free loan amounting to USD two billion.
April 16 -- Egypt and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) failed to reach agreement on a USD 4.8 billion loan needed to ease a severe economic crisis in Egypt.
April 21 -- Justice Minister Ahmed Mekky submitted his resignation.
April 24 -- Mohamed Fouad Jadallah, the legal adviser to the President Morsi, submitted his resignation.
April 30 -- Egypt withdraw from the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) talks in Geneva in protest at what it called the failure to implement a 1995 resolution for a Middle East free of nuclear weapons.
June 15 -- Egyptian president Mohammad Morsi decided to cut off all ties with Syria.
June 23 -- Adel Al-Khayat, a member of a radical Islamist party resigned as governor of Luxor.
June 29 -- A number of Egyptian Shura Council MPs resigned ahead of demonstrations against President Mohamed Morsi.
July 1 -- Five Egyptian ministers resigned over the political crisis.
July 3 -- The Egyptian army has removed President Mohamed Morsi from power, suspended the country's constitution and transferred the president's power to the Chairman of the Constitutional Court.
July 4 -- Egypt's Chief Justice Adly Mansour was sworn in as interim president.
July 6 -- Fitch rating agency downgraded Egypt's long-term debt ratings from 'B' to 'B-'.
July 9 -- Hazem el-Beblawi has been appointed prime minister of the transitional government led by Egyptian interim President Adly Mansour.
July 9 -- Interim president Adly Mansour issued a constitutional declaration including a timetable for the transitional government.
July 10 -- The National Salvation Front (NSF) refused Egypt's interim President Adly Mansour's constitutional declaration.
July 14 -- Egypt's public prosecutor issued an order to block the assets of a number of leaders of the Muslim Brotherhood, Islamic Group, and Salafi Movement.
July 14 -- The Egyptian army destroyed three tunnels on the border with Gaza, used to smuggle fuel to the Strip.
July 16 -- Ministers of the Egyptian transitional government were sworn in by interim President Adly Mansour.
July 20 -- Interim President Adly Mansour issued an order to form a committee to amend the constitution.
August 6 -- Interim President Adly Mansour issued an order to forbid jailing those convicted with defaming the president's status, after Egypt had seen an increase in such cases during the time of ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
August 21 -- Egyptian authorities issued an order to put former president Hosni Mubarak under house arrest, after hours of the court's decision to release him on bail in a corruption case.
August 28 -- Salafi Al-Nour Party announced participating in Egypt's committee to reform the constitution.
August 28 -- Former Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa was elected as chairman of a 50-member committee in charge of reforming the constitution. Tunisia: ======== October 6 -- General Coordinator of the opposition Unified Democratic Nationalist Party Chukry Belaid was assassinated near his house in Tunis.
February 6 -- Tunisian Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali said a new technocratic government would be formed until the elections were held.
February 7 -- The Tunisian General Labour Union decided to organize a public strike and called for a national procession for opposition left-wing leader Chukry Belaid.
February 10 -- Three ministers belonging to the Tunisian President Moncef Marzouqi-led party resigned.
February 19 -- Tunisian Prime Minister Hamadi Jebali resigned following failure to create a technocratic government.
February 22 -- Interior Minister Ali Laarayedh was asked to form a new government.
March 13 -- The Tunisian Constituent Assembly (parliament) voiced confidence in the new government led by Ali Laarayedh.
April 11 -- A UN team handed USD 29 million to the Tunisian government as part of funds stolen by former Tunisian president Zain Al-Abideen Ben Ali.
April 30 -- A Tunisian court sentenced Al-Abideen Ben Ali to life prison in absentia in connection with the case of killing a demonstrator and wounding another in the uprising that led to ousting him in 2011.
June 25 -- Chief of the General Staff of the Tunisian Army Gen. Rachid Ammar tendered resignation.
July 25 -- The opposition member of the Tunisian Constituent Assembly and General Coordinator of the Popular Movement Mohamed Brahmi was shot dead.
July 29 -- Nine Tunisian soldiers were killed in an ambush by militants on the border with Algeria.
July 31 -- Tunisian Minister of Education Salem Labyedh resigned due to the political crisis in Tunisia following the assassination of opposition member Mohamed Brahmi.
August 7 (KUNA) -- Tunisia's ruling Islamic Ennahda Movement reservedly approved the Constituent Assembly's decision to suspend the body indefinitely with a view to holding national dialogue as the only way out of the political crisis haunting the country.
September 7 -- Thousands of Tunisians demonstrated near Tunis calling for the Ennahda-led government to step aside as forty days passed since the assassination of opposition member Mohamed Brahmi.
September 28 -- The government approved a resignation plan following negotiations with opposition, paving the way for a transitional government ahead of early elections.
October 19 -- Tunisian security forces killed 10 gunmen belonging to the Salafist Ansar Al-Sharia group.
October 25 -- National Dialogue sessions started between the ruling Ennahda Movement and opposition to find a settlement to the political crisis.
October 30 -- Fitch cut Tunisia's credit rating owing to the political crisis in the country.
November 4 -- Negotiations between the government and opposition were suspended.
November 27 -- Hundreds of protesters set fire to an Ennahda office.
Morocco: ======== March 31 -- Thousands of people took to the streets in Rabat in protest against unemployment and high living costs.
April 17 -- The Moroccan government decided to cancel joint military exercises with the US as Washington backed having the U.N. monitor human rights in the disputed territory of Western Sahara.
May 13 -- The Moroccan Independence Party, which is part of the ruling coalition led by the Islamic Justice and Development Party, suspended its decision to quit the coalition upon request from King Mohamed VI.
July 10 -- Five ministers belonging to the Independence Party tendered resignation due to a dispute over the cancellation of commodity subsidy.
July 20 -- Four militants, including an al-Qaeda leader, were killed.
September 5 -- The Justice and Development Party reached agreement with the main opposition party over a new coalition government.
October 10 -- King Mohamed VI made a decree creating a new government. Algeria: ========= January 7 -- Algeria and Qatar signed nine agreements in the fields of maritime transport, oil, gas, petrochemicals and steel during Qatari Amir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani's visit to Algeria.
January 16 -- Two people were killed and several others, including oil workers, were abducted at an oil company in southeast Algeria.
January 19 -- The hostage-taking crisis at the oil facility came to an end in an army operation that led to the killing of 23 hostages and 32 militants.
February 1 -- 160 members of the ruling National Liberation Party central committee voted for a no-confidence motion against Secretary General of the Party Abdelaziz Belkhadem, while 156 said "no".
April 16 -- Former Algerian president Ali Kafi died at 85.
May 28 -- 13 people, including two French citizens, were tried for kidnapping Algerian children and selling them for adoption in France.
July 16 -- Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika returned home after medical treatment in France.
August 13 -- An Algerian judge issued an international arrest warrant against former Algerian oil minister Chakib Khelil for involvement in a major corruption case.
September 15 -- Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika decided a new ministerial reshape.
November 19 -- The ruling National Liberation Party nominated Bouteflika for presidency for another fourth term of office.
November 19 -- Algeria qualified to the World Cup in Brazil by beating Burkina Faso 1-0.
November 20 -- 12 people were killed and at least 240 others were wounded in separate incidents while celebrating their national football team's qualification to World Cup in Brazil.
Somalia: ======== January 29 -- At least six people were killed in a suicide attack in Mogadishu in front of the Somali prime minister's office.
March 6 -- The UN Security Council decided to ease out the weapon ban on Somalia.
April 13 -- The International Monetary Fund (IMF) finally recognized the Somali government, ending up 22-year reluctance.
April 25 -- British Foreign Secretary William Hague opened the first British embassy in Mogadishu since the outbreak of civil war in 1991.
June 5 -- The leader of Al Shabaab group in Puntland in northeast Somalia was arrested.
May 7 -- British Prime Minister David Cameron and Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud jointly opened an international conference in London for supporting Somalia, with international donors having pledged USD 96 million in aid to this African country.
June 28 -- The UN said Somalia's Al-Qaeda-linked Al Shabaab group leader Hassan Daher Aweis had given himself in to the Somali government.
August 24 -- The Somali government launched a campaign to control polio through all-out vaccination campaign.
September 3 -- Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud escaped an attack on his motorcade by Somalia's rebel Al-Qaeda-linked Al Shabaab group.
September 4 -- The Somali government organized an extended conference to outline the political future and governance in Somalia ahead of parliamentary and presidential elections due in 2016.
September 9 -- The Somali government launched a wide-scale campaign to help in the re-enrollment of one million dropouts.
September 16 -- Donor countries pledged USD 2.4 billion to Somalia during an international conference in Brussels.
October 19 -- A bomber blew himself up at a busy restaurant in Hiran Region in central Somalia, leaving 11 people dead.
November 8 -- 15 people were killed and scores of others wounded in a bomb car explosion in front of a hotel in Mogadishu.
November 11 -- 100 people were killed in a tropical cyclone that hit Puntland Region.
November 19 -- 19 people were killed in a suicide bombing at an African Union (EU) force police station in central Somalia.
December 2 -- The Somali parliament voted for a no-confidence motion against the government of Prime Minister Abdi Farah Shirdon after 15 months of power. (end) mt KUNA 260922 Dec 13NNNN
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