[ Test your programming smarts with
Meanwhile, the long-established Java and
Samsung looks to stand out on Android
Clearly, Samsung wants to set itself apart from other Android vendors. It has created a distinct set of services (Chord instant messaging, entertainment management, and technology/the-truth-about-samsung-knox-android-security-229994">Knox security) and even hardware features, such as pen support and non-touch-based gestures in its devices. And it wants developers to write specifically to them, not just to generic Android. Samsung upgraded its mobile SDK in October, had a developer conference to encourage Samsung-specific apps, and sponsored small hackathons around the world to create momentum.
Other companies -- notably Motorola (before
APIs coming into their ow
APIs built momentum in 2013, giving developers a mechanism to interact with large Web properties. Indeed, APIs have become the new SOA (service-oriented architecture) but offer greater simplicity. "APIs have jumped out of the petri dish of the enterprise," says
Technologies like REST and JSON are critical in the API party, in which thousands of APIs have become available. Mobile applications and cloud deployments have been key drivers of APIs, with APIs connecting users to application services. "We can call 2013 a watershed year for Internet APIs," says
"The most important and underreported trend we've seen around APIs is how enterprise adoption for internal private APIs is skyrocketing, spurred on by mobile app requirements," says
PaaS gets second look
Analysts are bullish on PaaS, the platform service subset of cloud computing. With PaaS platforms like Microsoft Windows Azure and Amazon Web Services, developers build and deploy applications on a cloud already fitted with specific development tools and language capabilities.
The PaaS promise is not new, but it got more traction this year, says
Analysts at 451 Research also see improved prospects for PaaS. "For 2013, we are projecting well over 50 percent growth over 2012," says 451 analyst
"PaaS has come to mean integrated middleware and services developers use to run cloud applications," says 451 Research analyst
2013 continued to see the march of Apple's iOS and
However, Java development serves as the linchpin of Android development via the Dalvik virtual machine. Java Standard Edition and Java Enterprise Edition still have enough developers using them to make sure they remain viable forces for the foreseeable future. Java EE 7 was released this year, focusing on HTML5, batch processing, and an updated Web profile.
But there was no new release of Java SE this year -- Java SE 8 is due early in 2014 via Java Development Kit 8 -- and desktop Java remained beset with security issues in 2013.
This story, "App dev 2013: The winners and losers," was originally published at InfoWorld.com. Follow the latest developments in programming at InfoWorld.com. For the latest developments in business technology news, follow InfoWorld.com on Twitter.
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