By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Physics Week -- Data detailed on Nanocrystals have been presented. According to news reporting from Oxford, United Kingdom, by VerticalNews journalists, research stated, "Nanocrystalline metallic coatings of sub-micron thickness are widely used in modern microelectronic applications. In X-ray diffraction experiments to determine both the residual and applied stresses in nanocrystalline coatings, one difficult challenge that comes up invariably is the determination of the strain-free lattice spacing d(o)."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from the University of Oxford, "The present study addresses this challenge by using the focused ion beam (FIB) to generate a built-in strain-free reference by patterning (milling) a 50 x 50 mu m(2) region of the coating to produce an array of small stress-relieved 'islands' similar to 0.8 x 0.8 mu m(2) each. Transmission X-ray diffraction setup was used for data collection at DIFFABS beamline (Synchrotron SOLEIL, France). A 150 nm-thick multi-layered W-Cu nano-composite thin film on polyimide (Kapton ®) substrate was studied. The samples were loaded incrementally using a compact uniaxial loading device, and micro-beam diffraction data were collected on and away from the reference array. It was shown experimentally that the 'island' array remained approximately strain free throughout the experiment, providing an on-board d(o) lattice spacing reference. The changing lattice spacing d in the coating was also monitored away from the array, to deduce the elastic strain evolution during deformation."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "The results and their implications are presented and discussed."
For more information on this research see: Stress evaluation in thin films: Micro-focus synchrotron X-ray diffraction combined with focused ion beam patterning for d(o) evaluation. Thin Solid Films, 2013;549():245-250. Thin Solid Films can be contacted at: Elsevier Science Sa, PO Box 564, 1001 Lausanne, Switzerland. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Thin Solid Films - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/504106)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting N. Baimpas, University of Oxford, Dept. of Mat, Oxford OX1 3PJ, Oxon, United Kingdom. Additional authors for this research include E. Le Bourhis, S. Eve, D. Thiaudiere, C. Hardie and A.M. Korsunsky.
Keywords for this news article include: Oxford, Europe, Physics, Synchrotrons, United Kingdom, Nanotechnology, Nanocrystalline, Emerging Technologies
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