By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Health & Medicine Week -- A new study on Membrane Proteins is now available. According to news reporting from Beijing, People's Republic of China, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Na(v)1.8 is a tetrodotoxin-resistant voltage-gated sodium channel selectively expressed in primary sensory neurons. Peripheral inflammation and nerve injury induce Na(v)1.8 accumulation in peripheral nerves."
The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research from National Center for Nanoscience and Technology, "However, the mechanisms and related significance of channel accumulation in nerves remains unclear. Here we report that KIF5B promotes the forward transport of Na(v)1.8 to the plasma membrane and axons in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons of the rat. In peripheral inflammation induced through the intraplantar injection of complete Freund's adjuvant, increased KIF5 and Na(v)1.8 accumulation were observed in the sciatic nerve. The knock-down of KIF5B, a highly expressed member of the KIF5 family in DRGs, reduced the current density of Na(v)1.8 in both cultured DRG neurons and ND7-23 cells. Overexpression of KIF5B in ND7-23 cells increased the current density and surface expression of Nav1.8, which were abolished through brefeldin A treatment, whereas the increases were lost in KIF5B mutants defective in ATP hydrolysis or cargo binding. Overexpression of KIF5B also decreased the proteasome-associated degradation of Na(v)1.8. In addition, coimmunoprecipitation experiments showed interactions between the N terminus of Na(v)1.8 and the 511-620 aa sequence in the stalk domain of KIF5B. Furthermore, KIF5B increased Na(v)1.8 accumulation, Na(v)1.8 current, and neuronal excitability detected in the axons of cultured DRG neurons, which were completely abolished by the disruption of interactions between KIF5B and the N terminus of Nav1.8."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Therefore, our results reveal that KIF5B is required for the forward transport and axonal function of Na(v)1.8, suggesting a mechanism for axonal accumulation of Na(v)1.8 in inflammatory pain."
For more information on this research see: KIF5B Promotes the Forward Transport and Axonal Function of the Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Na(v)1.8. Journal of Neuroscience, 2013;33(45):17884-17896. Journal of Neuroscience can be contacted at: Soc Neuroscience, 11 Dupont Circle, NW, Ste 500, Washington, DC 20036, USA. (Society for Neuroscience - www.sfn.org/; Journal of Neuroscience - www.sfn.org/index.aspx?pagename=JournalOfNeuroscience)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting Y.Y. Su, Natl Center Nanosci & Technol, Beijing, People's Republic of China. Additional authors for this research include M.Y. Ye, L. Li, C. Liu, J. Pan, W.W. Liu, Y.B. Jiang, X.Y. Jiang, X. Zhang, Y.S. Shu and L. Bao (see also Membrane Proteins).
Keywords for this news article include: Asia, Cells, Beijing, Neurons, Ion Channels, Sodium Channels, Carrier Proteins, Membrane Proteins, People's Republic of China
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