Electronic voting is based on two things: electronic means of casting a vote and electronic way of counting votes. This is given the name e-voting System. There are several electronic voting systems all over the world. All have their strong and weak points. There are significant flaws in almost all systems. Some systems have flaws in counting. Nonetheless, counting on electronic system is much faster than counting manually. The electronic ballots are marked by the computer and stored in its memory. The electronic system demands electronic machines, printers, servers, power generators, memory cards, batteries, and broadband and satellite transmission equipment. It is based on optical scan voting system and increases the accuracy results.
Nonetheless, faulty memory cards and faulty printers can change the results and can miscount the votes. A faulty printer that marks optical scan cards can run low on toner. It may result in incomplete or unreadable marks. The scientists say that "machines can transmit computer viruses from one to another during normal pre- and post-election activity."
It is perhaps one of the major disadvantages of this method. Some electronic systems may include punched cards, optical scan voting system and specialized voting kiosks. Such systems may involve transmission of ballots and votes via telephones, private computer networks, or the Internet.
Electronic voting machines are now used in several countries including
It is usually known as touch screen system. It is a combination of various forms of modern technology. Some critics are of the opinion that voting machines are not trust worthy.
Electronic system may have some major advantages over paper-based systems. It is generally believed that it is secure and reliable as compared to paper-based systems. Some electronic systems allow individuals to check their vote has been cast. Electronic voting system is also useful for voters with poor eye-sight and blind persons.
The major advantage of paper-based system is that "the ballot is physically represented by a piece of paper." A Direct Recording Electronic System (DRE) is actually a computer based system. It uses electronic ballots. Voters just view ballots on a screen and make their own choice. The device or touch screen is used to vote the person of choice.
The risk of mechanical error and software bugs is still there. The electronic vote data is finally transmitted from the polling station to a central place or location for counting. In other words this method tabulates ballots from multiple precincts to a central location for counting.
A direct-recording electronic (DRE) voting machine records votes by means of a ballot display provided with mechanical or electro-optical components that can be activated by the voter. It processes data with computer software and records voting data and ballot images in memory components. After the election it produces a tabulation of the voting data stored in a removable memory component. Electronic voting systems for electorates have been in use since 1960.
It was introduced in Australian parliamentary election in
This system was introduced in
result was announced 75 minutes after the end of voting.
These were the major flaws in the system. Naturally in Democratic areas hundreds of ballots were not read properly or were disqualified due to incomplete punches. It affected the outcome of the American presidential elections. Several American States have eliminated punched card voting system after its failure in
It has been demonstrated that as voting systems become more complex and include software, different methods of election fraud become possible. Others also challenge the use of electronic voting from a theoretical point of view, arguing that humans are not equipped for verifying operations occurring within an electronic machine and that because people cannot verify these operations, the operations cannot be trusted. A system cannot work unless it gains confidence of the people. Critics of electronic voting say that verification of ballots is necessary because computers can malfunction or fraudulent elements can play trick with DRE machines.
The Election commission must have a voter-verifiable paper audit procedure. The system should ensure the accuracy of the voting system. It is concluded by certain critics that several electronic systems are flawed and leave "elections open to error and fraud".
A fundamental challenge with any voting machine is assuring the votes were recorded as cast and tabulated as recorded. Non-document ballot voting systems can have a greater burden of proof. This is often solved with an Independent Verification.
It is concluded that electronic voting still needs improvement. The main thing is that the
The best technology should be used to assure voters that they would b able to cast their votes in a free, fair and friendly atmosphere. Foolproof arrangements should be made to avoid any fraud or malfunction of the system. Some systems include technologies such as cryptography, audio verification, and dual recording or witness systems. Application of latest technology can be useful. If
Recently NADRA has claimed that it has developed an Electronic Voting Machine that would be used to cast votes in next General Elections in
Most Popular Stories
- Obama Administration Releases Proposal to Regulate For-Profit Colleges
- Elizabeth Vargas' Husband Marc Cohn Addresses Rumors
- Keurig Adds Peet's coffee, Alters Starbucks deal
- Quiznos Files for Chapter 11
- SoCalGas Reaches Record Spend on Diversity Suppliers
- Vybz Kartel Convicted of Murder
- Is Malaysian Airlines Flight 370 in Andaman Sea?
- Koch Brothers Step up Anti-Obamacare Campaign
- U.S. Consumer Sentiment Falls in Early March
- U.S. to Relinquish Gov't Control Over Internet