By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Investigators publish new report on Chemical Engineering. According to news originating from Tarragona, Spain, by VerticalNews correspondents, research stated, "This paper discusses a method to operate polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) fibers based on outside-in pressurized ultrafiltration (pUF) membranes at high efficiency used as a pretreatment in seawater desalination. Backwash sequence was initially identified as the key contributor to the process efficiency yield."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Dow Chemical, "Backwash duration is reduced from 170 to 100 s, eliminating three redundant cleaning steps from an original sequence of five steps. Backwash frequency is decreased from once every 30 mm to once every 90 mm. These two optimizations result in an efficiency increase of 10% (from 88% to 97%). Thanks to this higher efficiency operation, it is possible to save 1.4 m(3) of ultrafiltrated water per day and filtering 96 extra minutes per day. A 14 days side by side validation is performed to validate the optimized conditions. In addition, the data is analyzed in order to prove that both backwashes have the same cleaning strength in reducing the trans-membrane pressure (TMP). A model to predict TMP evolution over time is presented and validated against the real plant performance during the validation period."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "This model is based on analyzing TMP increase during filtration cycle, TMP recovered during backwash cleaning and TMP recovered during chemical enhanced backwash (CEB)."
For more information on this research see: High Efficiency Operation of Pressurized Ultrafiltration for Seawater Desalination Based on Advanced Cleaning Research. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2013;52(45):15939-15945. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research can be contacted at: Amer Chemical Soc, 1155 16TH St, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA. (American Chemical Society - www.acs.org; Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research - www.pubs.acs.org/journal/iecred)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from G.G. Oriol, Dow Chem Iber SL, Dow Water & Proc Solut, Tarragona 43006, Spain. Additional authors for this research include M. Hassan, J. Dewisme, M. Busch and V. Garcia-Molina.
Keywords for this news article include: Spain, Europe, Tarragona, Chemical Engineering
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2013, NewsRx LLC