Despite the snag, the team said
"We did not plan for this," said project manager
After the Earth rendezvous, engineers noticed that Juno returned little data, a sign that something was wrong.
Up until Wednesday when Juno whipped around Earth in a momentum-gathering flyby, the spacecraft had been in excellent health. While in safe mode, it can communicate with ground controllers, but its activities are limited.
Previous missions to the outer solar system have used Earth as a gravity slingshot since there's no rocket powerful enough to make a direct flight. The Galileo spacecraft buzzed by Earth twice in the 1990s en route to Jupiter, the solar system's largest planet located 484 million miles from the sun.
Launched in 2011, Juno flew beyond the orbit of Mars, Earth's closest planetary neighbor, before looping back toward our home planet for a quick visit. Wednesday's rendezvous increased Juno's speed from 78,000 mph relative to the sun to 87,000 mph — enough momentum to cruise past the asteroid belt to Jupiter, where it should arrive in 2016.
During the swing past Earth, Juno snapped pictures of our home planet and the moon. The solar-powered, windmill-shaped spacecraft slipped into Earth's shadow as planned, but engineers were puzzled when it emerged. At closest approach, it hurtled 350 miles above the ocean off the coast of
By space mission standards, Juno's Earth rendezvous was low-key compared with the Curiosity rover's nail-biting landing on Mars last year, which drew crowds. Since flybys have been executed before, project managers predicted a smooth flight.
The unexpected problem causes "a moderate level of concern," Nybakken said.
Despite a government shutdown that has prevented
Since the 1970s, spacecraft have circled or flown past Jupiter including the Voyagers, Pioneers, Galileo, Ulysses, Cassini and, most recently, the New Horizons barreling toward Pluto. Missions have beamed back stunning views of Jupiter's trademark Great Red Spot, a raging hurricane-like storm, and its many moons.
Juno promises to inch closer to Jupiter than previous spacecraft, orbiting the planet for at least a year and studying its cloud-covered atmosphere and mysterious interior to better understand how the giant planet formed.
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