By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Energy Weekly News -- Current study results on Alcohols have been published. According to news reporting out of Esfahan, Iran, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "The present investigation deals with the fabrication of new poly(vinyl alcohol)/titanium dioxide (PVA/TiO2) nanocomposites (NCs) with different titanium dioxide (TiO2) loading by using ultrasound irradiation. For the improvement of nanoparticles (NPs) dispersion and increasing possible interactions between NPs and PVA, the surface of TiO2 NPs was modified by gamma-aminopropyltriethoxy silane."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Isfahan University of Technology, "The as-prepared NCs were characterized by spectroscopic, thermogravimetric analysis and electron microscopy methods. The results demonstrate that NPs dispersed homogeneously within the PVA matrix on nanoscale, which could be assigned to the hydrogen and covalent bonds formed between PVA and NPs. The results indicated that heat stability of NCs was improved in the presence of modified TiO2 NPs. The mechanisms of surface modification and a possible mechanism of ultrasonic induced interaction between polymer and NPs have been analyzed. Then, these NCs have been used as a novel electrolyte additive in alkaline half cell to improve the electrical efficiency of the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC). Finally, the electrochemical characteristics of the half cell of DMFC which employ the PVA/TiO2 NCs were investigated."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The results reveal that introduction of NCs within electrolyte can modify the electronic property of Pt surface and improve the electrocatalytic activity of Pt in methanol oxidation and prevents catalyst from more poisoning by intermediate products of methanol oxidation."
For more information on this research see: Improving the direct methanol fuel cell performance with poly(vinyl alcohol)/titanium dioxide nanocomposites as a novel electrolyte additive. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2013;38(28):12418-12426. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; International Journal of Hydrogen Energy - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/485)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting S. Mallakpour, Isfahan Univ Technol, Dept. of Chem, Esfahan 8415683111, Iran. Additional authors for this research include M. Zhiani, A. Barati and H. Rostami.
Keywords for this news article include: Iran, Asia, Energy, Esfahan, Alcohols, Methanol, Chemistry, Fuel Cell, Oil & Gas, Electrolytes, Light Metals, Nanocomposite, Nanotechnology, Titanium Dioxide, Inorganic Chemicals, Emerging Technologies
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