The news correspondents obtained a quote from the research, "Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to determine VEGF levels in retinal pigment epithelial cells. Cytotoxicity was determined using the 3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay and flow cytometry. Physicochemical properties, including particle size, zeta potential, and siRNA load, of the prepared RGD-PEGylated liposomes and their entrapment efficiency were determined to be within the following ranges: 123.8-234.1 nm, 17.31-40.09 m V, 5.27%-6.33%, and >97%, respectively. RGD-PEGylated liposome-mediated fluorescent-labeled siRNA delivery demonstrated significantly enhanced cellular uptake, and 3 mol% RGD-PEGylated liposomes (having 3?-[N-(N', N'-dimethylaminoethane) carbamoyl] cholesterol (DC-cholesterol) DSPE and DSPE-PEG(2000)-RGD with molar ratio of 50/47/3) were shown to have better efficacy with regard to specificity for retinal pigment epithelial cells, reduced cytotoxicity, and knockdown of the target molecule. By integrin receptor-mediated endocytosis, 3 mol% RGD-PEGylated liposomes were shown to be a suitable vector when loaded with VEGF-siRNA for efficient downregulation of VEGF in retinal pigment epithelial cells at both the protein and gene levels."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "This integrin ligand-modified liposomal delivery system has therapeutic potential for ocular gene therapy."
For more information on this research see: Efficient downregulation of VEGF in retinal pigment epithelial cells by integrin ligand-labeled liposome-mediated siRNA delivery.
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