Patent number 8557660 is assigned to
The following quote was obtained by the news editors from the background information supplied by the inventors: "1.Field of the Invention
"Embodiments of the present invention relate to a method for forming a semiconductor device, and more particularly to a method for forming a semiconductor device including a buried gate.
"2.Background of the Invention
"Recently, most electronic appliances include semiconductor devices. The semiconductor devices include electronic elements, such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, and the like. These electronic elements are designed to perform functions of the electronic appliances and are integrated on a semiconductor substrate. For example, electronic appliances, such as computers, digital cameras, and the like, include semiconductor devices, such as memory chips for storage of information, processing chips for control of information, and the like. The memory chips and processing chips include electronic elements integrated on a semiconductor substrate.
"The semiconductor devices have a need for an increase in an integration degree thereof, in order to satisfy consumer demands for superior performances and low prices. Such an increase in the integration degree of a semiconductor device entails a reduction in a design rule, causing patterns of a semiconductor device to be increasingly reduced. Although an entire chip area is increased in proportion to an increase in a memory capacity as a semiconductor device is becoming extremely miniaturized and highly integrated, the size of a cell area where patterns of a semiconductor device are actually formed is decreased. Accordingly, since a greater number of patterns should be formed in a small cell area in order to achieve a desired memory capacity, there is a need for formation of microscopic patterns having a reduced critical dimension.
"Nowadays, various method for forming microscopic patterns have been developed, including, e.g., a method using a phase shift mask as a photo mask, a Contrast Enhancement Layer (CEL) method in which a separate thin film capable of enhancing image contrast is formed on a wafer, or a Tri Layer Resist (TLR) method in which an intermediate layer, such as, e.g., a Spin On Glass (SOG) film, is interposed between two photoresist films.
"Meanwhile, a contact for connecting upper and lower conductive lines to each other is significantly affected by a design rule, as compared to line and space patterns. In more detail, an increase in the integration degree of a semiconductor device causes a reduction in a size of a contact and an interval between the contact and the neighboring conductive line and consequently, causes an increase in an aspect ratio of the contact, that is, a ratio of a diameter to a depth of the contact. Therefore, a contact forming process holds an important position in a method for forming a highly integrated semiconductor device. Accordingly, in a highly integrated semiconductor device having multilayered conductive lines, a contact forming process may require a precise and strict mask alignment, entailing a reduction in process margin.
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