By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Current study results on Nanotechnology have been published. According to news reporting out of Lausanne, Switzerland, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "Inherent to the nanowire morphology is the exciting possibility of fabricating materials organized at the nanoscale in three dimensions. Composition and structure can be varied along and across the nanowire, as well as within coaxial shells."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, "This opens up a manifold of possibilities in nanoscale materials science and engineering which is only possible with a nanowire as a starting structure. As the variation in composition and structure is accompanied by a change in the band structure, it is possible to confine carriers within the nanowire. Interestingly, this results in the formation of local two, one and zero-dimensional structures from an electronic point of view within the nanowire. This novel palette of nanostructures paves the way toward novel applications in many engineering domains such as lasers, high-mobility transistors, quantum information and energy harvesting. In the present review we summarize and give an overview on recent achievements in the design and growth of advanced quantum structures starting from nanowire templates."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The quantum structures presented have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy and correspond to different confinement approaches: quantum wells (2D), quantum wires (1D) and quantum dots (0D)."
For more information on this research see: Bandgap engineering in a nanowire: self-assembled 0, 1 and 2D quantum structures. Materials Today, 2013;16(6):213-219. Materials Today can be contacted at: Elsevier Sci Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, Oxon, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Materials Today - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/601189)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting J. Arbiol, Ecole Polytechnic Fed Lausanne, Lab Mat Semicond, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Additional authors for this research include M. de la Mata, M. Eickhoff and A.F.I. Morral.
Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Lausanne, Nanoscale, Switzerland, Engineering, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies
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