By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Science Letter -- Research findings on Remote Sensing are discussed in a new report. According to news originating from Rome, Italy, by NewsRx correspondents, research stated, "The potential of satellite passive microwave sensors to provide quantitative information about near-source volcanic ash cloud parameters is assessed. To this aim, ground-based microwave weather radar and spaceborne microwave radiometer observations are used together with forward-model simulations."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from Sapienza University, "The latter are based on 2-D simulations with the numerical plume model Active Tracer High-Resolution Atmospheric Model (ATHAM), in conjunction with the radiative transfer model Satellite Data Simulator Unit (SDSU) that is based on the delta-Eddington approximation and includes Mie scattering. The study area is the Icelandic subglacial volcanic region. The analyzed case study is that of the Grimsvotn eruption in May 2011. ATHAM input parameters are adjusted using available ground data, and sensitivity tests are conducted to investigate the observed brightness temperatures and their variance. The tests are based on the variation of environmental conditions like the terrain emissivity, water vapor, and ice in the volcanic plume. Quantitative correlation analysis between ATHAM/SDSU forward-model columnar content simulations and available microwave radiometric brightness temperature measurements, derived from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager/Sounder (SSMIS), are encouraging in terms of both dynamic range and correlation coefficient. The correlation coefficients are found to vary from -0.37 to -0.63 for SSMIS channels from 91 to 183+/-1 GHz, respectively."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "The larger sensitivity of the brightness temperature at 183+/-1 GHz to the columnar content, with respect to other channels, allowed us to consider this channel as the basis for a model-based polynomial relationship of volcanic plume height as a function of the measured SSMIS brightness temperature."
For more information on this research see: Microwave Radiometric Remote Sensing of Volcanic Ash Clouds From Space: Model and Data Analysis. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2013;51(9):4678-4691. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing can be contacted at: Ieee-Inst Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08855-4141, USA. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers - www.ieee.org/; IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing - ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=36)
The news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained from M. Montopoli, Roma La Sapienza University, Dept. of Informat Engn Elect & Telecommun, I-00184 Rome, Italy. Additional authors for this research include D. Cimini, M. Lamantea, M. Herzog, H.F. Graf and F.S. Marzano (see also Remote Sensing).
Keywords for this news article include: Rome, Italy, Europe, Remote Sensing
Our reports deliver fact-based news of research and discoveries from around the world. Copyright 2013, NewsRx LLC