With growing internet penetration in
Before the advent of the Global System for
However, they had challenges in deepening internet penetration, which stood at less than 3 per cent then.
The major challenge was the high cost of international bandwidth, which stood at
But with the landing of Main One submarine cable in 2010, and the subsequent landing of Glo 1 submarine cable same year, coupled with the landing of MTN West African Cable System (WACS), the cost of bandwidth dropped from
The new development, as at then, pushed up internet penetration from 3 per cent to over 50 per cent penetration. But even at that, its penetration level could further increase if more Nigerians have access to the internet from their offices and homes, using fixed broadband connectivity.
More Nigerians today have access to mobile broadband internet, through the use of smartphones. Although internet penetration level through the use of mobile broadband has risen high, the penetration would have been higher if more Nigerians have access to fixed broadband that has to do with cable connectivity to homes and offices.
Nigerians are clamouring for up to 70 per cent internet penetration, and they expect the cost of bandwidth to drop as low as
The Challenges Although the cost of internet service is gradually reducing, Nigerians expect it to become much lower in such a way that it will be available to all homes and offices and at a highly reduced rate. As at the time internet modems were introduced as channel to easy access to the internet, Nigerians fast adopted them, only to discover later that the connection speed dropped and access to the internet, via the modems became difficult. People's airtime were fast spent, even before they could spend few time browsing the internet and this frustrated many, and they were forced to dump their modems in search of other modems from other service providers, but the experiences turned out to be the same. The challenges, according to expert views, were not in the modems, but in the limited broadband capacities in the hinterlands that were supposed to serve homes and offices. Until submarine cable providers are able to transmit broadband capacities from the sea shores to the hinterlands, through a national backbone infrastructure, the challenges will continue to drag, technology experts said.
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