By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Life Science Weekly -- Investigators publish new report on Nanotechnology. According to news reporting originating in Logan, Utah, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "Spider silk has biocompatibility and biodegradability properties and is known for the mechanical, physical and chemical properties that make it a promising building block in the development of novel biofibers. Its unique properties partially result from the repetitive polypeptide sequences that compose the silk proteins."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from Utah State University, "The strength is related to the polyalanine motifs organized into beta-sheet structures, and the elasticity is attributed to glycine-rich regions, beta turns and 3(10) helix structures. Some alcohols were shown to induce beta-sheet formation in spidroins and spider silk films, while water increases the overall structure ordering of silkworm fibroins. Furthermore, fiber stretching induces beta-sheet formation in synthetic spider fibers. However, there is a lack of information relating the physical and mechanical behaviors that might contribute to improving the microstructure and performance of synthetic fibers. In this work, we reported the surface nanostructure and the nanomechanical behavior of synthetic spider fibers, which were composed of modified recombinant proteins to combine strength and extensibility motifs. Our present study evaluated synthetic fibers qualitatively and quantitatively, and indicated that atomic force microscopy (AFM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were complementary tools to describe particular details of the surface structure and the mechanical features of synthetic spider fibers."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "Therefore, AFM and SEM would support the development of spinning systems and the characterization of novel biomaterials."
For more information on this research see: Nanoscale investigations of synthetic spider silk fibers modified by physical and chemical processes. Polymer Journal, 2013;45(9):997-1006. Polymer Journal can be contacted at: Nature Publishing Group, 75 Varick St, 9TH Flr, New York, NY 10013-1917, USA. (Nature Publishing Group - www.nature.com/; Polymer Journal - www.nature.com/pj/)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting G.M. Menezes, Utah State University, Dept. of Biol, Logan, UT 84322, United States. Additional authors for this research include F. Teule, R.V. Lewis, L.P. Silva and E.L. Rech (see also technology.html">Nanotechnology).
Keywords for this news article include: Utah, Logan, Nanoscale, United States, Nanotechnology, Emerging Technologies, North and Central America
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