By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Biotech Business Week -- Current study results on Metabolism have been published. According to news reporting originating in Orono, Maine, by NewsRx journalists, research stated, "The gastrointestinal tract is populated by an array of microbial species that play an important role in metabolic and immune functions. The composition of microorganisms is influenced by the components of the host's diet and can impact health."
The news reporters obtained a quote from the research from the University of Maine, "In the present study, dietary enrichment of lowbush wild blueberries (LWB) was examined to determine their effect on colon microbial composition and their potential in promoting gut health. The microbial composition and functional potential of the colon microbiota from Sprague Dawley rats fed control diets (AIN93) and LWB-enriched diets (AIN93+8% LWB powder substituting for dextrose) for 6 weeks were assessed using Illumina shotgun sequencing and bioinformatics tools. Our analysis revealed an alteration in the relative abundance of 3 phyla and 22 genera as representing approximately 14 and 8% of all phyla and genera identified, respectively. The LWB-enriched diet resulted in a significant reduction in the relative abundance of the genera Lactobacillus and Enterococcus. In addition, hierarchal analysis revealed a significant increase in the relative abundance of the phylum Actinobacteria, the order Actinomycetales, and several novel genera under the family Bifidobacteriaceae and Coriobacteriaceae, in the LWB group. Functional annotation of the shotgun sequences suggested that approximately 9% of the 4709 Kyoto Encyclopaedia of Gene and Genome (KEGG) hits identified were impacted by the LWB-diet. Open Reading Frames (ORFs) assigned to KEGG category xenobiotics biodegradation and metabolism were significantly greater in the LWB-enriched diet compared to the control and included the pathway for benzoate degradation [PATH:ko00362] and glycosaminoglycan degradation [PATH:ko00531]. Moreover, the number of ORFs assigned to the bacterial invasion of epithelial cells [PATH:ko05100] pathway was approximately 8 fold lower in the LWB group compared to controls."
According to the news reporters, the research concluded: "This study demonstrated that LWBs have the potential to promote gut health and can aid in the development of optimal diets."
For more information on this research see: Lowbush wild blueberries have the potential to modify gut microbiota and xenobiotic metabolism in the rat colon. Plos One, 2013;8(6):e67497. (Public Library of Science - www.plos.org; Plos One - www.plosone.org)
Our news correspondents report that additional information may be obtained by contacting A. Lacombe, Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, The University of Maine, Orono, Maine, United States. Additional authors for this research include R.W. Li, D. Klimis-Zacas, A.S. Kristo, S. Tadepalli, E. Krauss, R. Young and V.C Wu (see also Metabolism).
Keywords for this news article include: Orono, Maine, Metabolism, Xenobiotics, United States, North and Central America.
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