By a News Reporter-Staff News Editor at Journal of Engineering -- Current study results on Thermal Engineering have been published. According to news reporting out of Nottingham, United Kingdom, by VerticalNews editors, research stated, "Many countries around the world suffer from water scarcity. This is especially true in remote and semi-arid regions in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) where per capita water supplies decline as populations increase."
Our news journalists obtained a quote from the research from the University of Nottingham, "This paper presents the results of a theoretical simulation of an affordable small scale solar water desalination plant using the psychometric humidification and dehumidification process coupled with an evacuated tube solar collector with an area of about 2 m(2). A mathematical model was developed to describe the system's operation. Then a computer program using Simulink Matlab software was developed to provide the governing equations for the theoretical calculations of the humidification and dehumidification processes. The experimental and theoretical values for the total daily distillate output were found to be closely correlated. After the experimental calibration of the mathematical model, a model simulating solar radiation under the climatic conditions in the Middle East region proved that the performance of the system could be improved to produce a considerably higher amount of fresh water, namely up to 17.5 kg/m(2) day. This work suggests that utilizing the concept of humidification and dehumidification, a compact water desalination unit coupled with solar collectors would significantly increase the potable water supply in remote area."
According to the news editors, the research concluded: "It could be a unique solution of water shortages in such areas."
For more information on this research see: Theoretical simulation of small scale psychometric solar water desalination system in semi-arid region. Applied Thermal Engineering, 2013;59(1-2):232-242. Applied Thermal Engineering can be contacted at: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, England. (Elsevier - www.elsevier.com; Applied Thermal Engineering - www.elsevier.com/wps/product/cws_home/630)
Our news journalists report that additional information may be obtained by contacting M. Shatat, University of Nottingham, Inst Sustainable Energy Technol, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom. Additional authors for this research include S. Omer, M. Gillott and S. Riffat.
Keywords for this news article include: Europe, Nottingham, United Kingdom, Thermal Engineering
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