A new report, "Women and Minority Small Business Contractors: Divergent
Paths to Equal Success," by American
Express OPEN finds that minority active contractors are
making a bigger investment to gain federal contracts in 2010 -- 35 percent
greater than the average small firm -- and submitting more bids compared
to the average small-business contractor. Between 2008 and 2010,
minority business owners report having submitted an average of 12.7 bids
for prime contracts, while the average small business contractors
submitted 10.3 prime bids during that same time frame.
Their greater investments and higher bidding activity seem to pay off -- the success rate in prime contracting among minority contractors improved 10 percent between the 2007-09 and 2008-10 periods in contrast to the 8% decline in overall prime contracting success rates among average small business contractors in the same period.
"Minority small contractors invested $139,709 seeking federal contracts in 2010 versus $103,827 and $86,643 spent by the average small business contractors and women contractors, respectively," said Karen-Michelle Mirko, Director of Customer Advocacy at American Express OPEN. "Their greater investment indicates the importance minority contractors place on government contracting to fuel their businesses. Obtaining 8(a) status has proven to be a fruitful route to contract success for minority contractors -- exploring this route could help other minority-owned firms access greater contracting opportunities."
The 8(a) status offers restricted competition for qualified firms.
For women contractors, getting on the General Services Administration (GSA) Schedule, a pre-approved list of vendors that can sell directly to the federal government without competitive bidding, has been effective in opening up procurement opportunities -- 41 percent of women contractors who are on the schedule say it's been very useful for getting federal contracts. Consequently, women contractors report spending 17 percent less than average in seeking federal contracts. The report also found that 37 percent of active women contractors who have self-certified as a woman-owned small business report that the designation has been useful to them.
"With the Women-Owned Small Business (WOSB) Procurement Program now in its first full year of implementation, more women contractors will start to benefit from the program as well as the designation," said Mirko.
"The Give Me 5 program is also helping more women access and win contracts set aside just for them through a series of events, one-on-one mentorships and a comprehensive online training curriculum." Launched in 2008 by Women Impacting Public Policy(WIPP) and American Express OPEN, the Give Me 5 program aims to educate women business owners and increase the number of government contracts awarded to women.
Although women and minority contractors take different routes to achieve procurement success, both are more likely to own larger firms versus their noncontracting peers: 42 percent of women and 41 percent of minority business owners have business revenues in excess of $1 million, coming in just under the average among all small business contractors (47 percent). This far exceeds the 5 percent of all small businesses that have achieved that level of business success.
The U.S. government is the world's largest single purchaser of goods and services, spending just over $535 billion in contracts in fiscal year 2011. Small businesses are in a prime position to grow their business through government procurement, since there is a 23% goal for federal spending with small firms, 5 percent with women-owned firms and 5 percent with minority-owned firms. The survey looked at how women and minority active contractors compare with other small firms in terms of overall contracting activity and success.
Additional survey findings are:
Certification and Designation Can Open Procurement Doors: Women (82%) and minority business owners (81 percent) are more likely to have a special procurement designation or certification compared to active small business contractors (70 percent). For women, the most helpful certification is the General Services Administration (GSA) schedule. The 8(a) status and disabled veteran status are the most helpful among minority-owned firms.
Investments are Up for Minorities and Women: The annual investment made by minority business owners actively seeking federal contracts was $139,709 in 2010, 35 percent higher than the $103,827 average of all surveyed small firms and up 29% from their investments ($108,368) in 2009. Women business owners report investing $86,643 in seeking federal contracts, 17 percent less than average but still up 23 percent from their 2009 investments ($70,512).
This survey is the second in a series of four reports that will be published from the second-annual American Express OPEN survey of small business federal contractors. The first, Trends in Federal Contracting for Small Businesses, focused on the overall environment of small firms in the federal marketplace as well as key trends seen over the past year. Future reports will focus on how contracting strategies and outcomes change with level of procurement experience, and what lessons can be shared from firms that focus on subcontracting as a procurement strategy.
The American Express OPEN Victory in Procurement (VIP) survey reports findings from a survey of more than 740 small business owners listed in the Federal Procurement Data System (FPDS) and registered on the Central Contractor Registration (CCR), the primary vendor database for the federal government. The survey is conducted as part of American Express OPEN's VIP program for small business contractors. The program, which includes the Give Me 5 program in partnership with Women Impacting Public Policy (WIPP), offers free resources and events to help entrepreneurs grow their business through procurement. To learn more, visit www.openforum.com/governmentcontracting.
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